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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 28, Issue 12, pp 3281–3291 | Cite as

Exploring health-related quality of life of Spanish domestic adult adoptees: sociodemographic characteristics, chronic medical conditions, and gender differences

  • Yolanda Sánchez-SandovalEmail author
  • Sandra Melero
  • Natalia Jiménez-Luque
Article

Abstract

Purpose

The main objective is to study the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as a positive approach to health in adult adoptees. We will also consider comparison with population norms, relation to chronic medical conditions, the role of sociodemographic variables, and gender differences among the variables in this study.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study of 179 adult domestic adoptees from Spain aged between 18 and 44. They were recruited from a longitudinal study, which was on its third wave. They answered an interview and the self-report measure Health Survey Short Form (SF-12). ANOVAs and t test analyses to compare groups, and multiple regression to determine predictors of HRQoL, were performed.

Results

Adoptees are not different from the general population in terms of perceived physical health (PH) and mental health (MH). Both PH and MH are related to different variables (e.g., current age is negatively associated with PH, as is the number of chronic medical conditions with MH). Despite the absence of gender differences in MH perception, there were common and different predictor variables for males and females. The number of chronic medical conditions predicts HRQoL regardless of gender. For women, employment is also a predictor, and for men, other variables are being in a romantic relationship, having children, and low income.

Conclusions

Adult adoptees are comparable to general population in terms of HRQoL, but there are associated variables (chronic medical conditions and gender) that should be considered. Post-adoption services should promote health and support in life transitions for this group.

Keywords

Health-related quality of life HRQoL Chronic medical conditions Adult adoptees Gender SF-12 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of the Spanish Government [Project PSI2014-52336-R, Young Adult Adoptees’ Psychological Adjustment and Developmental Tasks: a 20-year follow-up and keys for intervention].

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational SciencesUniversity of CádizPuerto RealSpain

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