Quality of life in older adults with sensory impairments: a systematic review
Sensory impairments are common in older adults. Hearing and visual impairments affect their physical and mental health and quality of life adversely. However, systematic reviews of the relationship between hearing impairment, visual impairment, dual sensory impairment, and quality of life are scarce. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the relationship between hearing impairment, visual impairment, dual sensory impairment, and quality of life.
Searches of EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Airiti Library were conducted between January 2006 and December 2017 using the keywords “quality of life,” “life satisfaction,” “well-being,” “hearing impairment,” and “visual impairment.” Two authors independently assessed methodologic quality using a modified Downs and Black tool. Data were extracted by the first author and then cross-checked by the second author.
Twenty-three studies consisting mostly of community-dwelling older adults were included in our review. Sensory impairment was found to be in significant association with quality of life, with an increase in hearing impairment or visual impairment severity resulting in a lower quality of life. Quality of life for dual sensory impairment was worse than for hearing impairment or visual impairment individually.
A significant association was confirmed between hearing impairment, visual impairment, dual sensory impairment, and quality of life. Our review can be used to enhance health care personnel’s understanding of sensory impairment in older adults and enable health care personnel to actively assess older adults’ sensory functions, so that they can help alleviate the negative impact of sensory impairments on QOL in older adults.
KeywordsDual sensory impairment Hearing impairment Older adults Quality of life Systematic review Visual impairment
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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