Quality of Life Research

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 609–618 | Cite as

Quality of life at 6 years after occupational injury

  • Wei-Shan Chin
  • Yue Leon Guo
  • Shih-Cheng Liao
  • Hsueh-Ching Wu
  • Chun-Ya Kuo
  • Chih-Chieh Chen
  • Judith Shu-Chu ShiaoEmail author



Occupational injuries have considerable impact on workers’ lives. However, data regarding workers’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL) at several years after the injury are lacking. This study assessed workers’ HRQOL at 6 years after occupational injury and determined related factors in each HRQOL domain.


Workers who sustained an occupational injury in 2009 and who responded to a previous survey at 3 or 12 months after their injury were followed up in 2015. A total of 1715 participants were candidates for this study. The Taiwanese version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale-abbreviated version (WHOQOL-BREF) was used to assess their HRQOL. Multiple linear regression analysis identified predictive factors for HRQOL at 6 years after occupational injury.


A total of 563 workers completed the questionnaire (response rate, 32.8%). Adverse life events and additional severe occupational injuries that occurred within the follow-up period, and decreased salary after the injury were significant factors for low scores in all domains of the WHOQOL-BREF. In addition, unmarried participants had low scores in the social relationship domain. Workers with family members requiring care scored low in the physical and environment domains. Workers whose injuries had major effects on their physical appearance had low scores in the physical and psychological domains. Workers with unstable employment had low scores in physical, psychological, and environment domains.


At 6 years after occupational injury, workers’ HRQOL was poor among those whose salaries decreased after the injury, after adjustment for other factors.


Quality of life Occupational injury Workers Unemployment Decreased salary 



Our special thanks to all participating nurses for their time and efforts, to make this study possible.


This work was supported by Ministry of Science and Technology, R.O.C. (Taiwan) Grant MOST 103-2314-B-002-042.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-Shan Chin
    • 1
    • 6
  • Yue Leon Guo
    • 1
    • 6
    • 7
  • Shih-Cheng Liao
    • 3
  • Hsueh-Ching Wu
    • 4
  • Chun-Ya Kuo
    • 5
  • Chih-Chieh Chen
    • 1
  • Judith Shu-Chu Shiao
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial HygieneNational Taiwan University School of Public HealthTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.School of Nursing, College of MedicineNational Taiwan University (NTU) and NTU HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, College of MedicineNational Taiwan University (NTU) and NTU HospitalTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of NursingHsin Sheng Junior College of Medical Care and ManagementTaoyuanTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryChung Shan Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  6. 6.National Institute of Environmental Health Science, National Health Research InstitutesZhunanTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of Environmental and Occupational MedicineNational Taiwan University (NTU) and NTU HospitalTaipeiTaiwan

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