Quality of Life Research

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 1303–1315 | Cite as

A person-centred analysis of the time-use, daily activities and health-related quality of life of Irish school-going late adolescents

  • Eithne Hunt
  • Elizabeth A. McKay
  • Darren L. Dahly
  • Anthony P. Fitzgerald
  • Ivan J. Perry



The health, well-being and quality of life of the world’s 1.2 billion adolescents are global priorities. A focus on their patterns or profiles of time-use and how these relate to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) may help to enhance their well-being and address the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. This study sought to establish whether distinct profiles of adolescent 24-h time-use exist and to examine the relationship of any identified profiles to self-reported HRQoL.


This cross-sectional study gathered data from a random sample of 731 adolescents (response rate 52 %) from 28 schools (response rate 76 %) across Cork city and county. A person-centred approach, latent profile analysis, was used to examine adolescent 24-h time-use and relate the identified profiles to HRQoL.


Three male profiles emerged, namely productive, high leisure and all-rounder. Two female profiles, higher study/lower leisure and moderate study/higher leisure, were identified. The quantitative and qualitative differences in male and female profiles support the gendered nature of adolescent time-use. No unifying trends emerged in the analysis of probable responses in the HRQoL domains across profiles. Females in the moderate study/higher leisure group were twice as likely to have above-average global HRQoL.


Distinct time-use profiles can be identified amongst adolescents, but their relationship with HRQoL is complex. Rich mixed-method research is required to illuminate our understanding of how quantities and qualities of time-use shape lifestyle patterns and how these can enhance the HRQoL of adolescents in the twenty-first century.


Time diary Finite mixture models Young people Well-being Health 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eithne Hunt
    • 1
  • Elizabeth A. McKay
    • 2
  • Darren L. Dahly
    • 3
  • Anthony P. Fitzgerald
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ivan J. Perry
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Occupational Science and Occupational TherapyUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  2. 2.Department of Occupational TherapyBrunel UniversityLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Public HealthUniversity College CorkCorkIreland
  4. 4.School of Mathematical SciencesUniversity College CorkCorkIreland

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