Comparing PROMIS computer-adaptive tests to the Brief Symptom Inventory in patients with prostate cancer
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This study assessed whether the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) computer-adaptive tests (CATs) provided results similar to those of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) with a low patient burden.
Secondary data analysis of 136 prostate cancer patients who completed the 53-item BSI and the PROMIS CATs assessing depression, anxiety, and hostility.
The PROMIS CATs and BSI correlated significantly in measures of depression (.85), anxiety (.76), and anger/hostility (.66; p < .001 for all). Using our BSI cutoff points for depression, anxiety, and anger/hostility, ROC analysis yielded areas under the curve of .966 [standard error (SE) = .014, p < .001], .975 (SE = .012, p < .001), and .952 (SE = .027, p < .001), respectively.
PROMIS CATs were highly correlated with the BSI subscales, indicating that the CATs performed well compared with the BSI, a widely used psychosocial measure.
KeywordsComputer-adaptive tests BSI Brief Symptom Inventory Prostate cancer Quality of life PROMIS Health surveys
Quality of life
National Institutes of Health
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System
Brief Symptom Inventory
Receiver operating characteristic curve
This study is supported in part by the Patient-Reported Outcomes, Survey, and Population Research (PROSPR) Shared Resource; the Cancer Center Support Grant CA16672, given to The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center by the National Institutes of Health; and 5R21CA126854-02, given to Cindy L. Carmack by the National Cancer Institute.
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