Quality of Life Research

, Volume 22, Issue 8, pp 2245–2253 | Cite as

Psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-5L in the general population of South Korea

  • Tae Hyup Kim
  • Min-Woo Jo
  • Sang-il Lee
  • Seon Ha Kim
  • Son Mi Chung



The EQ-5D-5L was developed to compensate for a high ceiling effect and lack of descriptive richness of the EQ-5D-3L. We evaluated psychometric properties of EQ-5D-5L in the general population.


Six hundred of adults were sampled from the general population in South Korea using a multistage stratified quota sampling method. Participants completed the EQ-5D-5L, EQ-5D-3L, and SF-36v2. One hundred participants were resurveyed for reliability evaluation. The ceiling effect, known-groups construct validity, convergent and discriminant validity, and reliability of EQ-5D-5L were evaluated.


A smaller proportion of participants answered ‘no problem’ to all dimensions of EQ-5D-5L (61.2 %) than EQ-5D-3L (65.7 %, p < 0.01), indicating a reduced ceiling effect. Female, elderly, low-educated, and low-income participants reported health problems more frequently, indicating known-groups construct validity. The mobility dimension of EQ-5D-5L was better correlated with the physical component score (|r| = 0.48) than the mental component score (|r| = 0.25) of the SF-36v2, and the anxiety/depression dimension was better correlated with mental component score (|r| = 0.45) than physical component score (|r| = 0.34), indicating convergent and discriminant validity. The intraclass correlation coefficient of EQ-5D-5L index was 0.75.


The EQ-5D-5L has a smaller ceiling effect than the EQ-5D-3L and is a valid and reliable instrument to measure health-related quality of life in the general population.


Helath-related quality of life EQ-5D Psychometrics Validity Reliability SF-36 



3-Level version of EQ-5D


5-Level version of EQ-5D


Health-related quality of life


Visual analogue scale


Intraclass correlation coefficient


Version 2.0 of the short-form 36


Physical functioning




Bodily pain


General health




Social functioning




Mental health


Physical component summary


Mental component summary


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tae Hyup Kim
    • 1
  • Min-Woo Jo
    • 2
  • Sang-il Lee
    • 2
  • Seon Ha Kim
    • 2
  • Son Mi Chung
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Screening and Promotion CenterAsan Medical CenterSongpa-Gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Preventive MedicineUniversity of Ulsan College of MedicineSongpa-Gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Center for Health PromotionSamsung Medical CenterGangnam-gu, SeoulRepublic of Korea

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