Health-related quality of life among adults with work-related asthma in the United States
The objective of this study was to examine health-related quality of life among adults with work-related asthma.
We analyzed 2006–2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma Call-back Survey data for ever-employed adults with current asthma from 38 states and District of Columbia. Individuals with work-related asthma had been told by a doctor or other health professional that their asthma was related to any job they ever had. Health-related quality of life indicators included poor self-rated health, impaired physical health, impaired mental health, and activity limitation. We calculated prevalence ratios (PRs) adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, income, employment, and health insurance.
Of ever-employed adults with current asthma, an estimated 9.0 % had work-related asthma, 26.9 % had poor self-rated health, 20.6 % had impaired physical health, 18.2 % had impaired mental health, and 10.2 % had activity limitation. Individuals with work-related asthma were significantly more likely than those with non-work-related asthma to have poor self-rated health [PR, 1.45; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.31–1.60], impaired physical health (PR, 1.60; 95 % CI, 1.42–1.80), impaired mental health (PR, 1.55; 95 % CI, 1.34–1.80), and activity limitation (PR, 2.16; 95 % CI, 1.81–2.56).
Future research should examine opportunities to improve health-related quality of life among individuals with work-related asthma.
KeywordsOccupational asthma Quality of life Occupational health Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Asthma
We would like to thank Karen R. Cummings, MPH, New York State Department of Health, and Hatice Zahran, MD, MPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for their review of this manuscript and the BRFSS state coordinators for their assistance in collecting the data used in this analysis.
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