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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp 1327–1336 | Cite as

The impact of denial on health-related quality of life in patients with HIV

  • Charles KamenEmail author
  • Stacy Taniguchi
  • Ami Student
  • Eliza Kienitz
  • Katherine Giles
  • Christine Khan
  • Susanne Lee
  • Cheryl Gore-Felton
  • Cheryl Koopman
Article

Abstract

Background/purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of denial coping on quality of life (QOL) over time among individuals living with HIV, as denial has been understudied as a coping strategy within the literature on HIV/AIDS.

Methods

In a sample of 65 adult men and women, we used multilevel linear modeling to test trajectories of change in physical and mental health-related QOL across baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months, including denial as a predictor and gender as a moderator.

Results

The use of denial coping was associated with lower physical and mental health-related QOL at baseline. Denial coping predicted an increase in QOL over time, though QOL remained low in those who practiced denial coping. Men’s baseline mental health-related QOL was more negatively affected by denial coping than women’s. Women tended to increase in QOL more slowly over time compared to men.

Conclusion

Reliance on denial as a coping strategy is associated with poorer physical and mental health-related QOL in an HIV-positive population, though participants who engaged in denial also displayed more rapid improvement in their QOL over time. Men and women displayed different rates of improvement in QOL, indicating a need for gender-based treatment approaches. Future research should examine the complex role of denial on change in QOL.

Keywords

HIV/Aids Coping Health outcomes Gender 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Kamen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stacy Taniguchi
    • 2
  • Ami Student
    • 2
  • Eliza Kienitz
    • 2
  • Katherine Giles
    • 2
  • Christine Khan
    • 1
  • Susanne Lee
    • 1
  • Cheryl Gore-Felton
    • 1
  • Cheryl Koopman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Palo Alto UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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