Quality of Life Research

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

The Persian version of locomotor capabilities index: translation, reliability and validity in individuals with lower limb amputation

  • Mahyar Salavati
  • Masood Mazaheri
  • Fatemeh Khosrozadeh
  • Seyed Mohammad Ebrahim MousaviEmail author
  • Hossein Negahban
  • Hadi Shojaei
Brief Communication



To translate the Locomotor Capabilities Index (LCI-5) to Persian and to assess its psychometric properties when applied to a sample of people with lower limb amputation (LLA).


The LCI-5 was administered to 106 Persian speaking people with LLA to determine its internal consistency, item-subscale correlation, test–retest reliability and floor and ceiling effects. To assess the construct validity, each participant’s performance was measured using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and 2-Minute Walk Test.


Minimum Cronbach’s alpha of 0.70 was exceeded by LCI-5 subscales. Item-subscale correlations after correction for overlap were higher than the cuff-off point of 0.40. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.96 for LCI-5 total index in test–retest reliability. LCI-5 showed significant correlation with TUG (r = −0.65, P < 0.01) and 2-Minute Walk Test (r = 0.71, P < 0.01). The LCI-5 mean scores were higher for individuals with unilateral below-knee amputation than participants with above-knee amputation (t = 2.71, P = 0.008) and for individuals with unilateral amputation who do not use walking aids than those who use (t = −4.27, P < 0.01). Floor effect was found for none of the patients with LLA while ceiling effect was reported for 23.6% of patients.


The Persian version of LCI-5 has acceptable levels of internal consistency, item-subscale correlation, test–retest reliability and construct validity. To detect intervention effects, the LCI-5 should be used cautiously in population of physically active and young patients with LLA due to its high ceiling effects.


Locomotor Capabilities Index Persian-version Psychometric properties Lower limb amputation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahyar Salavati
    • 1
  • Masood Mazaheri
    • 2
  • Fatemeh Khosrozadeh
    • 3
  • Seyed Mohammad Ebrahim Mousavi
    • 3
    Email author
  • Hossein Negahban
    • 4
  • Hadi Shojaei
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Physical TherapyUniversity of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Musculoskeletal Research Center, School of Rehabilitation SciencesIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Department of Orthotics and ProstheticsUniversity of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation SciencesAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran
  5. 5.Janbazan Biomedical Research CenterUniversity of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation SciencesTehranIran

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