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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 19, Issue 7, pp 943–954 | Cite as

Physical activity, quality of life, weight status and diet in adolescents

  • Spencer E. BoyleEmail author
  • Georgina L. Jones
  • Stephen J. Walters
Article

Abstract

Purpose

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL), physical activity (PA), diet and overweight status in children 11 to 15 years old.

Study participants

Participants (N = 1,771) children with self-reported physical activity and QoL outcome data.

Methods

Cross-sectional survey of four secondary schools, using the PedsQL and EQ-5D QoL instruments; the CAPANS physical activity instrument and a food intake screener questionnaire.

Results

The correlational analysis indicates little or no relationship between self-reported QoL, BMI and moderate to vigorous PA. We found no statistically significant differences between the two groups of children, who achieved the recommended PA guidelines and those who did not, on any of the dimensions of the PedsQL and the EQ-5D utility score. Only on the EQ-5D VAS dimensions score was there a statistically significant difference. Children who self-reported a BMI of overweight to obese had significantly lower QoL on both dimensions of the EQ-5D and every dimension of the PedsQL apart from School functioning.

Conclusion

Overall this study showed mixed results for pupils achieving the recommended targets for physical activity and diet and their relationship with QoL. Hence, further study into PA and diet and their effects on QoL is needed.

Keywords

Physical activity Adolescents Children Quality of life Weight status Diet 

Abbreviations

SEN

Special educational needs

GSCE

General secondary certificate examination

BMI

Body mass index

PedsQL

PF PedsQL Physical functioning dimension

PedsQL EF

PedsQL Emotional functioning

PedsQL SF

PedsQL Social functioning

PedsQL SchF

PedsQL School functioning

PedsQL PHSS

PedsQL Psychosocial health summary score

PedsQL Total

PedsQL Total scale score

EQ-5D VAS

Visual analogue scale

EQ-5D

Utility overall utility (Tariff)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spencer E. Boyle
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georgina L. Jones
    • 1
  • Stephen J. Walters
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Statistics Group, School of Health and Related ResearchUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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