Perceived social support, hope, and quality of life of persons living with HIV/AIDS: a case study from Nepal
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This study investigates the relationship among perceived satisfaction from social support, hope, and QOL of PLWHA.
A cross-sectional in design was applied, among a sample of 160 HIV-infected persons receiving treatment, care, and support from eight community-based NGOs. QOL was assessed using the WHO (QOL)-26 tool, and social support was assessed by use of a modified Sarason’s Social Support Questionnaire. A Hope Assessment Scale was also developed.
The non-family support network was greater than family support network. Overall satisfaction from social support and hope was significantly correlated with QOL; the greatest effect of social support was on environmental functioning, and the lowest was on social relationships, emotional support was less a predictor of social relationship than other types of supports.
The effect of perceived satisfaction from social support was through the mediation variable hope. As it has widely been recognized that community-based support is vital for issues of quality of life, strategies to improve social support and hope intervention programs are strongly encouraged. The results of the study have implications for providing care, treatment, and psycho-social support to maintain or enhance quality of life of PLWHA.
KeywordsSocial support Hope Quality of life (QOL) People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)
The study was funded by Nagoya University (Japan) under the Global Practicum Program 2008–2009. I would like to thank all the participants in this study and acknowledge the following contributors to the field survey: Mr. Arun Sah, Mr. kshitij Gartaulla, Mr. Sanjeev Parajuli, Miss Isha K.C, Mr. Madhav Adhikari, and Mrs. Parbata Panday. I also thank Professor Yoshihiko Nishimura and Professor Yoshiaki Nishikawa for their valuable guidance for developing framework for this research.
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