Quality of Life Research

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 1049–1054 | Cite as

Health related quality of life in 10-year-old schoolchildren

  • Camilla Laaksonen
  • Minna Aromaa
  • Olli J. Heinonen
  • Leena Koivusilta
  • Pasi Koski
  • Sakari Suominen
  • Tero Vahlberg
  • Sanna Salanterä



The purpose of this study was to investigate the health related quality of life (HRQL) in a total cohort of general school children.


The study population consisted of the children starting 4th grade (age 9–10) in Finnish primary schools in autumn 2004 (n = 1,346) and their parents in a city of 175,000 inhabitants. Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™ 4.0) was used for assessment of HRQL. The response rate was 81% for the children (n = 1,091). Most children had parents who participated (n = 999).


The children reported highest HRQL mean values in physical (85.00, SD 10.95) and social (84.71, SD 14.28), and lowest in school (78.89, SD 14.53) and emotional (75.43, SD 15.67), functioning scales. Girls reported significantly lower emotional (t = −2.43, P = 0.02) functioning than boys. Child self reports show lower social (t = −2.57, P = 0.01) and school (t = −3.44, P = 0.0006) functioning, and higher emotional (t = 5.82, P < 0.0001) and physical (t = 4.79, P < 0.0001) functioning than their parent-proxy assessments.


Interventions aiming at supporting the emotional and school functioning of the school children are recommended. Parents may overestimate the social and school functioning and underestimate the physical and emotional functioning compared to their children’s own perceptions.


Child HRQL School child School health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilla Laaksonen
    • 1
  • Minna Aromaa
    • 2
  • Olli J. Heinonen
    • 3
  • Leena Koivusilta
    • 4
  • Pasi Koski
    • 5
  • Sakari Suominen
    • 6
  • Tero Vahlberg
    • 7
  • Sanna Salanterä
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nursing ScienceUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Health Care TurkuCity of TurkuFinland
  3. 3.Paavo Nurmi CentreUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  4. 4.Institutions and Social Mechanisms (IASM)University of TurkuTurkuFinland
  5. 5.Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning and Education (CELE)University of TurkuTurkuFinland
  6. 6.Department of Public HealthUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  7. 7.Department of BiostatisticsUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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