Loneliness and health-related quality of life for the empty nest elderly in the rural area of a mountainous county in China
- 2.4k Downloads
To estimate whether loneliness was associated with quality of life and examined the influence of socio-economic factors in the empty nest elderly.
The 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS) were used to assess the quality of life and loneliness for 275 empty nest and 315 not empty nest rural elders in a county, China. T tests, Pearson’s correlations and linear regression analysis were used to examine the difference in SF-36 and UCLA-LS scores, correlations of the two scores between the two groups, and socio-economic determinants of loneliness among the empty nest elders.
Empty nest group, in comparison with not empty nest group, had higher level of loneliness (95% confidence interval [CI] = −3.361 to −.335), lower physical (95% CI = .228 to 6.044) and mental (95% CI = .866 to 6.380) scores. Loneliness was negatively correlated with all the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey scales in both groups. Social supports and income were negatively associated with loneliness, whereas education level and being single were positively associated with loneliness for the empty nest group.
Reducing the level of loneliness may be helpful to improve the quality of life for the empty nest elders.
KeywordsAged loneliness Quality of life Social support
- 5.Chalise, H. N., Saito, T., Takahashi, M., & Kai, I. (2007). Relationship specialization amongst sources and receivers of social support and its correlations with loneliness and subjective well-being: a cross sectional study of Nepalese older adults. Archives of Gerontology Geriatrics, 44(3), 299–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 8.Long, M. V., & Martin, P. (2000). Personality, relationship closeness, and loneliness of oldest old adults and their children. The Journal of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 55(5), 311–319.Google Scholar
- 10.Pillay, A. L. (1988). Midlife depression and the “empty nest” syndrome in Indian women. Psychologiacl Reports, 63(2), 591–594. .Google Scholar
- 12.Fogelholm, M., Valve, R., Absetz, P., Heinonen, H., Uutela, A., Patja, K., et al. (2006). Rural–urban differences in health and health behaviour: a baseline description of a community health-promotion programme for the elderly. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 34(6), 632–640.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 13.Campbell, V. A., Crews, J. E., Moriarty, D. G., Zack, M. M., & Blackman, D. K. (1999). Surveillance for sensory impairment, activity limitation, and health-related quality of life among older adults—United States, 1993–1997. MMWR CDC Surveillance Summaries, 48(8), 131–156.Google Scholar
- 17.Ware J. E. (1997). SF-36 health survey. manual and interpretation guide. The Health Institute, New England Medical Centre (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Nimrod Press.Google Scholar
- 19.Xiao, S. Y. (1993). The social support rate scale. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 7(Suppl), 42–46.Google Scholar
- 20.SPSS, Inc. (1999). SPSS: Version 10.0 for Windows. Chicago: SPSS, Inc.Google Scholar