Quality of Life Research

, Volume 16, Supplement 1, pp 157–166 | Cite as

Patient-reported outcomes measurement and management with innovative methodologies and technologies

  • Chih-Hung ChangEmail author


Successful integration of modern psychometrics and advanced informatics in patient-reported outcomes (PRO) measurement and management can potentially maximize the value of health outcomes research and optimize the delivery of quality patient care. Unlike the traditional labor-intensive paper-and-pencil data collection method, item response theory-based computerized adaptive testing methodologies coupled with novel technologies provide an integrated environment to collect, analyze and present ready-to-use PRO data for informed and shared decision-making. This article describes the needs, challenges and solutions for accurate, efficient and cost-effective PRO data acquisition and dissemination means in order to provide critical and timely PRO information necessary to actively support and enhance routine patient care in busy clinical settings.


Patient-reported outcomes Item response theory Computerized adaptive testing Technology 



This work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health (R21CA113191).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Buehler Center on Aging, Health & SocietyNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA

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