Quality of Life Research

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 1433–1438 | Cite as

Validating and norming of the Greek SF-36 Health Survey

  • Evelina Pappa
  • Nick Kontodimopoulos
  • Dimitris Niakas
Brief Communication


The main objective of this study was to validate the Greek SF-36 Health Survey and to provide general population normative data. The survey was administered to a stratified representative sample (n=1426) of the general population residing in the broader Athens area and the response rate was 70.6. Statistical analysis, according to documented procedures developed within the IQOLA Project, was performed. The missing value rate was very low, ranging from 0.1 to 1.3 at the item level. Multitrait scaling analysis confirmed the hypothesized scale structure of the SF-36. Cronbach’s α coefficient met the criterion for group analysis in all eight scales. Known group comparisons yielded consistent support of construct validity of the SF-36. Significant statistical differences in mean scores were observed in relation to demographic and social characteristics such as gender, age, education and marital status.


Multitrait scaling Normative data Quality of life Reliability SF–36 Validity 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelina Pappa
    • 1
  • Nick Kontodimopoulos
    • 1
  • Dimitris Niakas
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesHellenic Open UniversityPatrasGreece

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