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Retraction Note: Analysis of the social capital indicators by using DEMATEL approach: the case of Islamic Azad University

  • Davood KiakojuriEmail author
  • Shahaboddin Shamshirband
  • Nor Badrul Anuar
  • Johari Abdullah
Retraction Note
  • 26 Downloads

1 Retraction Note: Qual Quant (2015) 49:1985–1995  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-014-0085-9

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article (Kiakojuri et al. 2015) because validity of the content of this article cannot be verified. This article showed evidence of peer review and authorship manipulation. Authors Davood Kiakojuri, Shahaboddin Shamshirband and Nor Badrul Anuar do not agree to this retraction. Author Johari Abdullah has not responded to any correspondence from the editor or publisher about this retraction.

Notes

Reference

  1. Kiakojuri, D., Shamshirband, S., Anuar, N.B., Abdullah, J.: Analysis of the social capital indicators by using DEMATEL approach: the case of Islamic Azad University. Qual. Quant. 49, 1985–1995 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davood Kiakojuri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shahaboddin Shamshirband
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nor Badrul Anuar
    • 3
  • Johari Abdullah
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationChalous Branch Islamic Azad UniversityChalousIran
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceChalous Branch, Islamic Azad University (IAU)ChalousIran
  3. 3.Department of Computer System and Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversiti Malaysia SarawakKota SamarahanMalaysia

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