Quality & Quantity

, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 339–361 | Cite as

The relationship between the economic development of nations and the adoption of green initiatives by companies: a statistical study on 105 countries

  • Marek Ćwiklicki
  • Łukasz Jabłoński
  • Riccardo SartoriEmail author
  • Marius Dan Gavriletea


The paper reports the results of a study whose purpose was to determine the correlations and potential directions of inter-dependence between economic development and green initiatives within national economies. The pilot study has included 105 countries with different levels of economic development, located in different continents and belonging to different integration groupings. The study was carried out by means of correlation coefficients computed between the indexes of the green initiatives implementation, and (a) the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and (b) the GDP growth rate. The main result of the study is that the intensity of enterprises to implement green initiatives increases the levels of the internal economic development.


Economic development Green initiatives GDP per capita Sustainable development 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Economy and Public AdministrationCracow University of EconomicsCracowPoland
  2. 2.Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Commodity ScienceCracow University of EconomicsCracowPoland
  3. 3.Department of Human SciencesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  4. 4.Business Department, Faculty of BusinessBabes-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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