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, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 1183–1195 | Cite as

Historical path of traditional and modern idea of ‘conscious universe’

  • Mehrnaz MonzaviEmail author
  • Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad
  • Matin Rahnama
  • Shahaboddin Shamshirband
Article

Abstract

What this study shows is that although the ‘idea of conscious universe’ is given further advance by some discoveries of modern sciences, it was articulated by many ancient and previous thinkers. Philosophically, the idea of ‘Consciousness’ can be traced back to ancient times and can be proven through historical documents in various traditions, cultures and religions. In this study, the ideas are provided from perspectives of West, East and Islam. Simply, the term ‘awareness’ and the concept of ‘ability to be aware of the environment’ imply the notion of ‘Consciousness’ in linguistic and psychology. In a comparative study, we show that philosophical and scientific views in the past and contemporary period highly recommended the existence of ‘Consciousness’ attribute. In fact, all of the mentioned studies are talking about the same ideology based on the qualitative perceptions. However, there are some differences in parts, but the major theme is same.

Keywords

Conscious universe Consciousness Idea of conscious universe History and philosophy of conscious universe 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehrnaz Monzavi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohd Hazim Shah Abdul Murad
    • 1
  • Matin Rahnama
    • 2
  • Shahaboddin Shamshirband
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Science and Technology Studies, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Association of Faradarmani & PsymentologyTehranIran

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