Advertisement

Quality & Quantity

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 2481–2505 | Cite as

Through the magnifying glass: an analysis of regional innovation models based on co-word and meta-synthesis methods

  • Reza Naghizadeh
  • Shaban Elahi
  • Manoochehr Manteghi
  • Sepehr Ghazinoory
  • Marina Ranga
Article

Abstract

This paper performs a fine-grained analysis of regional innovation models discussed in the literature, using a combination of quantitative (co-word analysis) and qualitative (meta-synthesis) methods applied to 300 papers from the Scopus and Sage databases covering the period 1990–2013. The co-word analysis produced knowledge maps that identify the most frequently occurring regional innovation models and group them into three clusters: Cluster 1 (industrial districts, local production systems), Cluster 2 (industrial clusters and regional clusters), and Cluster 3 (innovative milieus, regional innovation systems, innovation networks and learning regions). The meta-synthesis analysis used for exploring the content of these models identified three main themes, each with several sub-themes, as well as distinct features of the regions implementing them. Based on these distinctions, a typology of regions was derived, distinguishing between Early Innovators, Transitional Innovators and Advanced Innovators, which can serve as a useful instrument for academic researchers, policy-makers and practitioners involved in regional innovation.

Keywords

Regional innovation models Knowledge map Co-word analysis  Meta-synthesis Clusters Regional typology 

Supplementary material

11135_2014_123_MOESM1_ESM.doc (189 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (doc 189 KB)

References

  1. Acs, Z., Anselin, L., Varga, A.: Patents and innovation counts as measures of regional production of new knowledge. Res. Policy 31, 1069–1085 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ajmone Marsan, G., Maguire, K.: Categorisation of OECD regions using innovation-related variables. OECD Regional Development Working Papers (2011)Google Scholar
  3. Alasoini, T., Kitagawa, F.: Strategies to promote workplace innovation: a comparative analysis of nine national and regional approaches. Econ. Ind. Democr. 30(4), 614–642 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Allee, V.: The Knowledge Evolution: Expanding Organizational Intelligence. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston (1997)Google Scholar
  5. Altenburg, T.: Industrial policy in developing countries. Discussion paper at Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik, Bonn (2011)Google Scholar
  6. Andersson, M., Johansson, B.: Innovation ideas and regional characteristics: product innovations and export entrepreneurship by firms in Swedish regions. Growth Change 39(2), 193–224 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Archibugi, D., Iammarino, S.: The policy implications of the globalisation of innovation. Res. Policy 28, 317–336 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arvanitis, R., Jastrabsky, E.: A regional innovation system in gestation: Guangdong. China Perpect. 63, 13–26 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. Asakawa, K., Lehrer, M.: Managing local knowledge assets globally: the role of regional innovation relays. World Bus. 38, 31 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Asheim, B.: Differentiated knowledge bases and varieties of regional innovation systems. Eur. J. Soc. Sci. 20, 223–241 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Asheim, B., Coenen, L.: Contextualising regional innovation systems in a globalising learning economy: on knowledge bases and institutional frameworks. J. Technol. Transf. 31, 163–173 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. Asheim, B., Coenen, L.: Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: comparing Nordic clusters. Res. Policy 34, 1173–1190 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Autio, E.: Evaluation of RTD in regional systems of innovation. Eu. Plan. Stud. 6, 131–140 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Aydalot, P.: Milieux Innovateurs en Europe. GREMI, Paris (1986)Google Scholar
  15. Bagnasco, A.: Tre Italia: La Problematica Territoriale Dello Sviluppo Economico Italiano. Mulino, Bologna (1977)Google Scholar
  16. Belussi, F., Sammarra, A., Rita Sedita, S.: Learning at the boundaries in an “Open Regional Innovation System”: a focus on firms’innovation strategies in the Emilia Romagna life science industry. Res. Policy 39, 710–721 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bhattacharya, S., Basu, R.: Mapping a research area at the micro level using co-word analysis. Scientometrics 43(3), 359–372 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bondas, T., Hall, E.: Challenges in approaching metasynthesis research. Int. J. Qual. Health Care 17, 113–121 (2007)Google Scholar
  19. Bouchrara, M.: Ĺindustrialisation rampante: ampleur, mécanismes et porte’e. Economie et Humanisme 297, 37–49 (1987)Google Scholar
  20. Buesa, M., Heijs, J., Baumert, T.: The determinants of regional innovation in Europe: a combined factorial and regression knowledge production function approach. Res. Policy 39, 722–735 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Buesa, M., Heijs, J., Pellitero, M., Baumert, T.: Regional systems of innovation and the knowledge production function: the Spanish case. Technovation 26, 463–472 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Camagni, R.: Innovation Networks: Spatial Perspectives. GREMI/Belhaven Press, London/New York (1991)Google Scholar
  23. Canterbery, E.: A Brief History of Economics, Artful Approaches to the Dismal Science. Florida State University: World Scientific Publishing Co, Tallahassee: Singapore (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Carlsson, B.: Innovation Systems: A Survey of the Literature from a Schumpeterian Perspective; Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham (2007)Google Scholar
  25. Chapple, K., Kroll, C., Lester, T., Montero, S.: Innovation in the green economy: an extension of the regional innovation system model? Econ. Dev. Q. 25(1), 5–25 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Chen, K., Guan, J.: Mapping the functionality of China’s regional innovation systems: a structural approach. China Econ. Rev. 22, 11–27 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Christopherson, S., Clark, J.: Power in firm networks: what it means for regional innovation systems. Reg. Stud. 41(9), 1223–1236 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chung, S.: Building a national innovation system through regional innovation systems. Technovation 22, 485–491 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Clark, J., Huang, H., Walsh, J.: A typology of ’innovation districts’: what it means for regional resilience. Camb. J. Reg. Econ. Soc. 3, 121–137 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cobo, M., López-Herrera, A., Herrera-Viedma, E., Herrera, F.: Science mapping software tools: review, analysis, and cooperative study among tools. J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. 62(7), 1382–1402 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Cooke, P.: From technopoles to regional innovation systems: the evolution of localised technology development policy. Can. J. Reg. Sci. 2, 21–40 (2001)Google Scholar
  32. Cooke, P.: Introduction: origins of the concept. In: Braczyk, H.E. (ed.) Regional Innovation Systems. The Role of Governances in a Globalised World, pp. 2–25. UCL Press, London (1998)Google Scholar
  33. Cooke, P.: Knowledge Economies Clusters Learning and Cooperative Advantage. Routledge, London (2002)Google Scholar
  34. Cooke, P.: Regional innovation systems: general findings and some new evidence from biotechnology clusters. J. Technol. Transf. 27, 133–145 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cooke, P., Boekholt, P., Tödtling, F.: The Governance of Innovation in Europe. Pinter, London (2000)Google Scholar
  36. Cooke, P., Gomez Uranga, M., Etxebarria, G.: Regional innovation systems: institutional and rganizational dimensions. Res. Policy 26, 4–5 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Courvisanos, J.: Regional innovation for sustainable development: an Australian perspective. J. Innov. Econ. 1(3), 119–143 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Crescenzi, R., Rodríguez-Pose, A., Storper, M.: The territorial dynamics of innovation: a Europe–United States comparative analysis. J. Econ. Geogr. 7, 673–709 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Creswell, J.W.: Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods, 2nd edn. Sage, Thousand Oaks (2003)Google Scholar
  40. De Looze, M., Lemarie, J.: Corpus relevance through co-word analysis: an application to plant proteins. Scientometrics 39(3), 267–280 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Doloreux, D.: What we should know about regional systems of innovation. Technol. Soc. 24, 243–263 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Doloreux, D., Parto, S.: Regional innovation systems: current discourse and unresolved issues. Technol. Soc. 27, 133–153 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Driver, C., Oughton, C.: Dynamic models of regional innovation: explorations with British time-series data. Camb. J. Reg. Econ. Soc. 1(2), 205–217 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development): Transition Report 2008: Growth in Transition. EBRD, London (2008)Google Scholar
  45. Edquist, C.: Systems of innovation: perspectives and challenges. In: Fagerberg, J. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Innovation, pp. 181–208. Oxford University Press, London (2005)Google Scholar
  46. Edquist, E.: Systems of Innovation. Technologies. Institutions and Organizations/Frances Pinter, London/Washington (1997)Google Scholar
  47. Enright, M.: Regional clusters: what we know and what we should know. Paper presented at the Kiel Institute International Workshop (2001)Google Scholar
  48. Etzkowitz, H., Leydesdorff, L.: The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and “Mode 2” to a Triple Helix of university–industry–government relations. Res. Policy 29, 109–123 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Evangelista, R., Iammarino, S., Mastrostefano, V., Silvani, A.: Measuring the regional dimension of innovation. Lessons from the Italian Innovation Survey. Technovation 21, 733–745 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Fratesi, U.: Regional innovation and competitiveness in a dynamic representation. J. Evol. Econ. 20(4), 515–552 (2009)Google Scholar
  51. Ferrara, M., Mavilia, R., Sucicitti, M.: Innovation Policies in Mediterranean Regions. In: GlobaMED Research Paper Series (2012)Google Scholar
  52. Freeman, C.: Continental, national and sub-national innovation systems-complementarity and economic growth. Res. Policy 31, 191–211 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Fritsch, M.: Measuring the quality of regional innovation systems: a knowledge production function approach. Int. Reg. Sci. Rev. 25, 86–101 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Garfield, E.: Scientography: mapping the tracks of science. Curr. Contents 7(45), 5–10 (1994)Google Scholar
  55. Gerstlberger, W.: Regional innovation systems and sustainability—selected examples of international discussion. Technovation 24, 749–758 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Glenisson, P., Gläzel, W., Janssens, F., De Moor, B.: Combining full-text and bibliometric information in mapping scientific disciplines. Inf. Process. Manag. 41(6), 1548–1572 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Gottschalk, P.: Strategic Knowledge Management Technology. Idea Group Publishing, Hershey (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Groot, H., Nijkamp, P., Acs, Z.: Knowledge spill-overs, innovation and regional development. Reg. Sci. 80, 249–253 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Isaksen, A.: Building regional innovation systems: is endogenous industrial development possible in the global economy? Can. J. Reg. Sci. 1, 101–120 (2001)Google Scholar
  60. Isaksen, A.: Innovation dynamics of global competitive regional clusters: the case of the Norwegian Centres of Expertise. Reg. Stud. 43(9), 1155–1166 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kaiser, R., Prange, H.: The reconfiguration of National Innovation Systems—the example of German biotechnology. Res. Policy 33, 395–408 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kallio, A., Harmaakorpi, V., Pihkala, T.: Absorptive capacity and social capital in regional innovation systems: the case of the Lahti Region in Finland. Urb. Stud. 47, 303 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Keeble, D., Wilkinson, F.: High-technology Clusters, Networking and Collective Learning in Europe. Ashgate, Aldershot (2000)Google Scholar
  64. Kirat, T., Lung, Y.: Territories as loci of collective learning processes. Eur. Urb. Reg. Stud. 6, 145–164 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Krishna, V., Patra, S.K., Bhattacharya, S.: Internationalisation of R&D and global nature of innovation: emerging trends in India. Sci. Technol. Soc. 17(2), 165–199 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Lengyel, B., Leydesdorff, L.: Regional innovation systems in Hungary: the failing synergy at the national level. Reg. Stud. 31, 1–17 (2009)Google Scholar
  67. Leydesdorff, L., Meyer, M.: Triple helix Indicators of knowledge-based innovation systems. Res. Policy 35, 1441–1449 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Leydesdorff, L., Fritsch, M.: Measuring the knowledge base of regional innovation systems in Germany in terms of a Triple Helix dynamics. Res. Policy 35, 1538–1553 (2006)Google Scholar
  69. Li, X.: China’s regional innovation capacity in transition: an empirical approach. Res. Policy 38, 338–357 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Lundvall, B.: National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Pinter, London (1992)Google Scholar
  71. MacKinnon, D., Chapman, K.: Learning, innovation and regional development: a critical appraisal of recent debates. Prog. Hum. Geogr. 26, 293 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Marshall, A.: Industry and Trade. Macmillan, London (1919)Google Scholar
  73. Maskell, P., Malmberg, A.: Localized learning and industrial competitiveness. Camb. J. Econ. 23, 167–185 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Morgan, K.: The learning region: institutions, innovation and regional renewal. Reg. Stud. 31, 491–503 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Moulaert, F., Sekia, F.: Territorial innovation models: a critical survey. Reg. Stud. 37(3), 289–302 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Moulaert, F., Martinelli, F., Swyngedouw, E., Gonzalez, S.: Towards alternative model(s) of local innovation. Urb. Stud. 42, 2037–2053 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Muñoz-Leiva, F., Viedma-del-Jesús, M.I., Sánchez-Fernández, J., López-Herrera, A.G.: An application of co-word analysis and bibliometric maps for detecting the most highlighting themes in the consumer behaviour research from a longitudinal perspective. Qual. Quant. 46, 1077–1095 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Nauwelaers, C., Wintjes, R.: Towards a new paradigm for innovation policy? In: Asheim, B., Isaksen, A., Nauwelaers, C., Tödtling, F. (eds.) Regional Innovation Policy. Oxford University Press, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  79. Nelson, R.: National Innovation System: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford University Press, New York (1993)Google Scholar
  80. Noblit, G., Hare, R.: Meta Ethnography: Synthesizing Qualitative Studies. SAGE, Newbury Park (1988)Google Scholar
  81. Noyons, E., Moed, H., Luwel, M.: Combining mapping and citation analysis for evaluative bibliometric purposes: a bibliometric study. J. Am. Soc. Inf. Sci. Technol. 50, 115–131 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Nuur, C., Gustavsson, L., Laestadius, S.: Promoting regional innovation systems in a global context. Ind. Innov. 16(1), 123–139 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Oinas, P., Malecki, E.: The evolution of technologies in time and space: from national and regional to spatial innovation systems. Int. Reg. Sci. Rev. 25, 102 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Onyancha, O.B., Ocholla, D.: An informetric investigation of the relatedness of opportunistic infections to HIV/AIDS. Inf. Process. Manag. 41(6), 1573–1588 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Oughton, C., Landabaso, M., Morgan, K.: The regional innovation paradox: innovation policy and industrial policy. J. Technol. Transf. 27, 97–110 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Paterson, B., Thorne, S., Canam, C., Jillings, C.: Metastudy of Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide to Meta-analysis and Meta-synthesis. SAGE, Thousand Oaks, CA (2001)Google Scholar
  87. Pike, A., Rodríguez-Pose, A., Toman, J.: What kind of local and regional development and for whom? Reg. Stud. 41(9), 1253–1269 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Pinto, H., Guerreiro, J.: Innovation regional planning and latent dimensions: the case of the Algarve region. Ann. Reg. Sci. 44, 315–329 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Piore, M., Sabel, C.: The Second Industrial Divide. Basic Books, New York (1984)Google Scholar
  90. Porter, M.: On Competition. Harvard Business School Press, Boston (1998)Google Scholar
  91. Porter, M.: The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Free Press, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  92. Rampersad, G., Quester, P., Troshani, I.: Managing innovation networks: exploratory evidence from ICT, biotechnology and nanotechnology networks. Ind. Mark. Manag. 39, 793–805 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Rycroft, R.: Technology-based globalization indicators: the centrality of innovation network data. Technol. Soc. 25, 299–317 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Sage.: (2013) Retrieved August 2013, from http://online.sagepub.com/ (2013)
  95. Sandelowski, M., Barroso, J.: Handbook for Synthesizing Qualitative Research. Springer, New York (2007)Google Scholar
  96. Saxenian, A.: Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1994)Google Scholar
  97. Scopus.: (2013). Retrieved August 2013, from www.scopus.com (2013)
  98. Slaper, T., Hart, N., Thompson, M.: The index of innovation: a new tool for regional analysis. Econ. Dev. Q. 24, 251–260 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Starr, P. (Ed.). The Meaning of Privatization. Yale Law and Policy Review, 6, 6–41 (1988)Google Scholar
  100. Storper, M.: Regional technology coalitions an essential dimension of national technology policy. Res. Policy 24(6), 895–911 (1995)Google Scholar
  101. Storper, M., Scott, A.: The geographical foundations and social regulation of flexible production complexes. In: Wolch, J., Dear, M. (eds.) The Power of Geography. Allen & Unwin, London (1988)Google Scholar
  102. Strauss, A., Corbin, J.: Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory Procedures and Techniques. Sage, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  103. Tödtling, F., Trippl, M.: One size fits all? Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach. Res. Policy 34, 1203–1219 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., Craig, J.: Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. Int. J. Qual. Health Care 19, 349–357 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Trippl, M.: Developing cross-border regional innovation systems: key factors and challenges. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 98(5), 621–640 (2008)Google Scholar
  106. Uotila, T., Melkas, H., Harmaakorpi, V.: Incorporating futures research into regional knowledge creation and management. Futures 37, 849–866 (2005)Google Scholar
  107. Uyarra, E.: What is evolutionary about ‘regional systems of innovation’? Implications for regional policy. J. Evol. Econ. 20, 115–137 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Van Eck, N., Waltman, L.: Software survey: Vosviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics 84(2), 523–538 (2010)Google Scholar
  109. Verspagen, B., Windrum, P.: Introduction to the special issue on the regional dimensions of innovation. Struct. Change Econ. Dyn. 20, 161–162 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Weiss, S., Indurkhya, N., Zhang, T., Damerau, F.: Text Mining; Predictive Methods for Analyzing Unstructured Information. Springer, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  111. Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J., Voigt, P., Gutierrez-Gracia, A., Jimenez-Saez, F.: Regional innovation systems: how to assess performance. Reg. Stud. 41(5), 661–672 (2007)Google Scholar
  112. Zygiaris, S.: Regional innovation system failures and highlights. Rom. J. Reg. Sci. 3, 20–25 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reza Naghizadeh
    • 1
  • Shaban Elahi
    • 1
  • Manoochehr Manteghi
    • 2
  • Sepehr Ghazinoory
    • 1
  • Marina Ranga
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Information Technology Management, School of Management and EconomyTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Engineering, College of EngineeringTehran UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.H-STAR InstituteStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

Personalised recommendations