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Nutritional and Antioxidant Properties of Physalis peruviana L. Fruits from the Argentinean Northern Andean Region

  • Mayra S. Bazalar PeredaEmail author
  • Mónica A. Nazareno
  • Carmen I. Viturro
Original Paper
  • 105 Downloads

Abstract

Physalis peruviana L. fruits have gained great interest in different producing countries because they are good source of nutrients and bioactive compounds. However, the nutritional characterization and bioactive properties of both cultivated and wild fruits of P. peruviana growing in Argentina have not been conducted so far. The results provided clear difference in physicochemical, nutritional and bioactive characteristics of cultivated and wild fruits of P. peruviana from Argentinean Northern Andean region. Cultivated fruits showed a higher content of K, Mg and Cu and bioactive compounds as vitamin C than wild fruits. Besides, cultivated fruits displayed a high antiradical activity towards ABTS●+ and FRAP. In addition, both cultivated and wild fruits exhibited a great antioxidant activity measured as the free radical scavenging activity against DPPH (effective concentration that scavenged 50% of the radicals is 0.64 and 1.65 mg/mL, respectively). The findings point out that the nutritional properties and bioactive compounds (vitamin C and β-carotene) of cultivated and wild fruits were comparable to those from countries with a production tradition. Outstandingly, the antioxidant performance of fruits growing in Argentinean Northern Andean region is remarkable in comparison with those reported in other producing zones, which can be ascribed to suitable ecological conditions.

Keywords

Physalis peruviana Nutrients Mineral content Antioxidant activity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by CONICET-Argentina and CICYT-UNSE. The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Silvia Moreno (CONICET-Argentina) for their comments upon manuscript and to Ing. Patricia Arias (UNJu-Argentina) for the soil analyses.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors (Mayra Bazalar Pereda, Mónica Azucena Nazareno and Carmen Inés Viturro) declare that there are no potential conflicts of interest.

Ethics Statements

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors

Supplementary material

11130_2018_702_MOESM1_ESM.docx (126 kb)
Supplementary Figure 2 (DOCX 125 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio PRONOA, Facultad de IngenieríaCIITeD-CONICET- Universidad Nacional de JujuySan Salvador de JujuyArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Antioxidantes y Procesos Oxidativos - ICQFacultad de Agronomía y Agrondustrias - Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero-CONICETSantiago del EsteroArgentina

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