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Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 145–148 | Cite as

A Study of Glycemic Response to Corinthian Raisins in Healthy Subjects and in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

  • Panagiotis T. Kanellos
  • Andriana C. Kaliora
  • Christos Liaskos
  • Nikolaos K. Tentolouris
  • Despina Perrea
  • Vaios T. Karathanos
Original Paper

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the metabolic response to Corinthian raisins in healthy and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Healthy subjects (n = 15) and diabetic patients (n = 15) received 74 g raisins or 50 g glucose as reference food. Blood samples were collected at time 0 (before the consumption) and 30, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 180 min after raisin or glucose consumption. There was no significant difference in baseline glucose and insulin between raisins and reference in both groups. The difference at glucose peaks between raisins and reference was significant in healthy and in diabetics. Glycemic and insulinemic responses were decreased after raisin consumption compared to reference. An estimate of the glycemic index would be 66.3 ± 3.4.

Keywords

Corinthian raisins Blood glucose Glycemic response Insulinemic response 

Abbreviations

AUC

Area under the curve

BMI

Body mass index

CR

Corinthian raisins

GI

Glycemic index

GL

Glycemic load

HbA1c

Glycated hemoglobin

II

Insulin index

T2DM

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study was funded by the Corinthian Raisins Cooperative SKOS A.S.E. within the framework of NSRF 2007-2013 Programme for Development (EU Regional Development Fund), Greek Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, Cuture & Sports. Corinthian Raisins were kindly donated by the Agricultural Cooperatives Union - Aeghion, Greece (P.E.S. Union).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Panagiotis T. Kanellos
    • 1
  • Andriana C. Kaliora
    • 1
  • Christos Liaskos
    • 2
  • Nikolaos K. Tentolouris
    • 2
  • Despina Perrea
    • 3
  • Vaios T. Karathanos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Science of Dietetics–NutritionHarokopio UniversityAthensGreece
  2. 2.1st Department of Propaedeutic and Internal Medicine, Laiko General HospitalNational and Kapodistrian University, Medical SchoolAthensGreece
  3. 3.Laboratory of Experimental Surgery and Surgical Research N.S. ChristeasNational and Kapodistrian University, Medical SchoolAthensGreece

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