Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 158–163 | Cite as

Inhibitory Effects of Rosemary Extracts, Carnosic Acid and Rosmarinic Acid on the Growth of Various Human Cancer Cell Lines

  • Ozlem Yesil-Celiktas
  • Canan Sevimli
  • Erdal Bedir
  • Fazilet Vardar-Sukan
Original Paper

Abstract

The leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis harvested from three different locations of Turkey were extracted by both methanolic and supercritical CO2 extraction. Subsequently, six extracts and the active compounds, carnosic acid, and rosmarinic acid were applied to various human cancer cell lines including NCI-H82 (human, small cell lung, carcinoma), DU-145 (human, prostate, carcinoma), Hep-3B (human, black, liver, carcinoma, hepatocellular), K-562 (human chronic myeloid leukemia), MCF-7 (human, breast, adenocarcinoma), PC-3 (human, prostate, adenocarcinoma) and MDA-MB-231 (human, breast, adenocarcinoma) by MTT assay. Supercritical CO2 extracts had superior antiproliferative effect compared to the soxhlet extracts. Although the extracts exhibited various cytotoxic effects against different cell lines, comparatively low IC50 values ranging between 12.50 and 47.55 μg/ml were attained against K-562, being the most sensitive cell line. Moreover, carnosic acid caused the lowest cell viability with values ranging from 13 to 30 % at a concentration of 19 μM after 48 h of treatments, resulting in superior antiproliferative effect. Rosemary extract is a potential candidate to be included in the anti-cancer diet with pre-determined doses avoiding toxicity.

Keywords

Rosmarinus officinalis Carnosic acid Rosmarinic acid Anticarcinogen Cytotoxicity Supercritical CO2 extraction 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ozlem Yesil-Celiktas
    • 1
  • Canan Sevimli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Erdal Bedir
    • 1
  • Fazilet Vardar-Sukan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of EngineeringEge UniversityBornovaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Science and Art FacultyKocaeli UniversityKocaeliTurkey

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