Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 21–26 | Cite as

Mineral Profile and Variability in Vegetable Amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor)

  • Sudhir Shukla
  • Atul Bhargava
  • A. Chatterjee
  • J. Srivastava
  • N. Singh
  • S. P. Singh
Article

Abstract

Populations in North India depend on a number of vegetable crops of which Amaranthus spp. is the most important since it is the only crop available in the hot summer months when no other foliage crop grows in the field. However, reports on mineral composition of leaves are rare with absolutely no information on the qualitative improvement of foliage yield with special reference to minerals. Studies on correlation among the minerals as well as with yield and leaf attributes are also lacking. Hence, we report the proximate mineral composition in 30 strains of A. tricolor along with some suggestions for qualitative improvement of the foliage yield with reference to minerals. Our study showed that vegetable amaranth is a rich source of minerals like calcium (1.7±0.04 g/100 g), iron (1233.8±50.02 mg/kg), and zinc (791.7±28.98 mg/kg). The heritability estimates were high for most of the traits, with potassium and calcium showing high values, while comparatively lower values were recorded for magnesium and nickel. Nickel was the only mineral that showed positive correlation with all the minerals, as well as with leaf size and foliage yield. Zinc showed strong positive relationship with iron (0.66**) and manganese (0.74**), and was the only mineral exhibiting significant positive association with foliage yield. This study would be of use in enhancement of selected minerals in different regions according to local preferences and nutrient deficiency prevalent among the populations.

Key words:

A. tricolor Correlation Foliage yield Genetic enhancement Minerals Selection parameters  

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to Director N.B.R.I. for providing the necessary facilities and constant encouragement to carry out the present investigation.

References

  1. 1.
    Swaminathan MS (1999) Enlarging the basis of food security: Role of unutilized species. In: Proceedings of the International Consultation organized by the Genetic Resources Policy Committee (GRPC) of CGIAR, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India, February 17–19, 1999.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Joshi V, Gautam PL, Mal B, Sharma GD, Kochhar S (2002) Conservation and use of underutilized crops: An Indian perspective. In: Engels JMM, Rao VR, Brown AHD, Jackson MT (eds), Managing Plant Genetic Diversity, IPGRI, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Prakash D, Pal M (1991) Nutritional and anti-nutritional composition of vegetable and grain amaranth leaves. J Sci Food Agric 57: 573–583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shukla S, Pandey V, Pachauri G, Dixit BS, Banerji R, Singh SP (2003) Nutritional contents of different foliage cuttings of vegetable amaranth. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 58: 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shukla S, Singh SP (2000) Studies on genetic parameters in vegetable amaranth. J Genet Breed 54: 133–135.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shukla S, Bhargava A, Chatterjee A, Srivastava A, Singh SP (2005) Estimates of genetic variability in vegetable amaranth (A. tricolor) over different cuttings. Hortic Sci 32(2): 60–67.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wu-Leung, Busson F, Jardin C (1968) Food composition table for use in Africa. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization on the UN (FAO).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Freiberger CE, Vanderjagt DJ, Pastuszyn A, Glew RS, Mounkaila G, Millson M, Glew RH (1998) Nutrient content of the edible leaves of seven wild plants fron Niger. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 53: 57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vogel AT (1962) Quantitative Inorganic Analysis. London: Longmans.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    AOAC (1990) Offical Methods of Analysis, 14th ed. Washington, DC: Assoication of Official Analytical Chemists.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Panse VG, Sukhatme PV (1978) Statistical methods for agricultural workers. New Delhi: ICAR.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Singh RK, Chaudhary BD (1985) Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis. New Delhi: Kalyani.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE (1955a) Genotypic and phenotypic correlations in soybean and their implications in selection. Agron J 47: 477–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Madruga MS, Camara FS (2000) The chemical composition of “Multimistura” as a food supplement. Food Chem 68: 41– 44. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shahidi F, Chavan UD, Bal AK, McKenzie DB (1999) Chemical composition of beach pea (Lathyrus maritimus L.) plant parts. Food Chem 64: 39–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Aletor VA, Adeogun OA (1995) Nutrient and anti-nutrient components of some tropical leafy vegetables. Food Chem 53: 325–329.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shukla S, Bhargava A, Chatterjee C, Singh SP (2004) Estimates of genetic parameters to determine variability for foliage yield and its different quantitative and qualitative traits in vegetable amaranth (A. tricolor). J Genet Breed 58: 169–176.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Robinson HF, Comstock RE, Harvey PH (1949) Estimates of heritability and the degree of dominance in corn. Agron J 41: 353–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE (1955b) Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron J 47: 314–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhir Shukla
    • 1
  • Atul Bhargava
    • 1
  • A. Chatterjee
    • 1
  • J. Srivastava
    • 2
  • N. Singh
    • 2
  • S. P. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Genetics and Plant BreedingNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Biomass Biology DivisionNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations