Controlled mutual quantum entity authentication with an untrusted third party

  • Min-Sung Kang
  • Jino Heo
  • Chang-Ho Hong
  • Hyung-Jin Yang
  • Sang-Wook HanEmail author
  • Sung Moon


We propose a quantum control entity mutual authentication protocol that can be executed in environments involving an untrusted third party. In general, the third party, referred to as Charlie, can be an entity such as a telephone company, server, financial company, or login webpage for a portal service. Most communication protocols controlled by third parties are vulnerable to internal attacks. In this study, we present two solutions that make use of an entanglement correlation checking method and random numbers against an internal attack by an untrusted third party.


Quantum entity authentication GHZ-like state Untrusted third party Internal attack 



This work was supported by the ICT R&D programs of MSIP/IITP (Grant No. B0101-16-1355), the KIST research program (Grant No. 2E27801). C.-H. Hong is supported by the ICT R&D program of MSIP/IITP [1711057505, Reliable crypto-system standards and core technology development for secure quantum key distribution network].


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min-Sung Kang
    • 1
  • Jino Heo
    • 2
  • Chang-Ho Hong
    • 3
  • Hyung-Jin Yang
    • 4
    • 5
  • Sang-Wook Han
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sung Moon
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Quantum InformationKorea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST)SeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.School of Information and Communication EngineeringChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.National Security Research InstituteYuseong, DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Graduate School of Information SecurityKorea UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsKorea UniversitySejongRepublic of Korea

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