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Quantum Information Processing

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 2593–2603 | Cite as

Efficient quantum dialogue using entangled states and entanglement swapping without information leakage

  • He Wang
  • Yu Qing Zhang
  • Xue Feng Liu
  • Yu Pu Hu
Article

Abstract

We propose a novel quantum dialogue protocol by using the generalized Bell states and entanglement swapping. In the protocol, a sequence of ordered two-qutrit entangled states acts as quantum information channel for exchanging secret messages directly and simultaneously. Besides, a secret key string is shared between the communicants to overcome information leakage. Different from those previous information leakage-resistant quantum dialogue protocols, the particles, composed of one of each pair of entangled states, are transmitted only one time in the proposed protocol. Security analysis shows that our protocol can overcome information leakage and resist several well-known attacks. Moreover, the efficiency of our scheme is acceptable.

Keywords

Bidirectional quantum secure communication Two-qutrit entangled state Quantum dialogue Entanglement swapping  Generalized Bell-basis measurement 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61272481, 61402352) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2014M5 62377).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Wang
    • 1
  • Yu Qing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xue Feng Liu
    • 1
  • Yu Pu Hu
    • 1
  1. 1.The National Key Laboratory of Integrated Services NetworksXidian UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.National Computer Network Intrusion Protection CenterGraduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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