Quantum Information Processing

, Volume 13, Issue 12, pp 2783–2800 | Cite as

A probabilistic approach to quantum Bayesian games of incomplete information

  • Azhar IqbalEmail author
  • James M. Chappell
  • Qiang Li
  • Charles E. M. Pearce
  • Derek Abbott


A Bayesian game is a game of incomplete information in which the rules of the game are not fully known to all players. We consider the Bayesian game of Battle of Sexes that has several Bayesian Nash equilibria and investigate its outcome when the underlying probability set is obtained from generalized Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen experiments. We find that this probability set, which may become non-factorizable, results in a unique Bayesian Nash equilibrium of the game.


Quantum games Bayesian Nash equilibria EPR experiments Quantum probability 



We acknowledge helpful discussions with Andrew Allison.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azhar Iqbal
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • James M. Chappell
    • 2
  • Qiang Li
    • 3
  • Charles E. M. Pearce
    • 4
  • Derek Abbott
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.School of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.College of Electrical EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Mathematical SciencesThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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