Quantum Information Processing

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 1915–1945 | Cite as

Quantum interference of photons in simple networks

Article

Abstract

A theoretical investigation of quantum interference of photonic multistates in simple devices like beam splitters, Mach–Zehnder interferometers and double-loop devices are presented. Variable transmission and reflection coefficients as well as variable phase shifts are included in order to calculate quantum states and mean photon numbers at the outputs. Various input states like Fock states and coherent states and a combination of both are considered as well as squeezed states. Two methods are applied: The direct matrix method and the method of unitary representation. Remarkable results appear in a double-loop interferometer where for special phase shifts equal mean photon numbers in the three output ports are obtained provided certain input states are given. A computerized simulation of general networks using various input Fock states is presented. Multistate devices will be used in future linear quantum computation and quantum information processing schemes.

Keywords

Fock state Coherent state Mach–Zehnder Entanglement Quantum interference Double-loop interferometer Unitary operation Squeezed states Twin beam state 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Suda
    • 1
  • C. Pacher
    • 1
  • M. Peev
    • 1
  • M. Dušek
    • 2
  • F. Hipp
    • 1
  1. 1.Safety and Security Department, Optical Quantum TechnologiesAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbHViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Optics, Faculty of SciencePalacky UniversityOlomoucCzech Republic

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