Quadratic election law
- 187 Downloads
The standard form of electoral system in the United States—plurality voting with one person, one vote—suffers from countless defects, many of which stem from its failure to enable people to register the intensity of their preferences for political outcomes when they vote. Quadratic voting, an elegant alternative system proposed by Glen Weyl, provides a theoretically attractive solution to this problem but is an awkward fit with America’s legal and political traditions. We identify the legal barriers to the adoption of quadratic voting, discuss modified versions that could pass muster, and show how even a modified version would address many of the pathologies of the existing system.
KeywordsElectoral systems Election law Collective decision-making
Thanks to Glen Weyl and participants at the conference on quadratic voting, as well as at a conference at the Washburn University School of Law, for helpful comments. Posner thanks the Russell Baker Scholars Fund for financial support.
- Ackerman, B., & Ayres, I. (2002). Voting with dollars: A new paradigm for campaign finance. London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Barber, M. (2014). Representing the preferences of voters, partisans, and donors in the U.S. Senate. Unpub. m.s.Google Scholar
- Brennan Center for Justice. (2016). States with new voting restrictions since the 2010 election. http://www.brennancenter.org/new-voting-restrictions-2010-election.
- Cox, A. B., & Holden, R. T. (2011). Reconsidering racial and partisan gerrymandering. University of Chicago Law Review, 78, 553.Google Scholar
- FairVote for a More Perfect Union. (2016). Primaries. www.fairvote.org/primaries.
- Gilens, M. (2012). Affluence and influence: Economic inequality and political power in America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Grofman, B., & Brunell, T. L. (2005). The art of the dummymander: The impact of recent redistrictings on the partisan makeup of southern house seats. In P. Galderisi (Ed.), Redistricting in the new millennium. Lanham: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Klarner, C. E., & Evans, H. (2015). Retrospectives on the state legislative and gubernatorial elections of 2014. Unpub. m.s.Google Scholar
- Lalley, S. P., & Weyl, E. G. (2016). Quadratic voting. Unpub. m.s.Google Scholar
- Laurence, B., & Sher, I. (2016). Ethical considerations on quadratic voting. Public Choice. Google Scholar
- Ober, J. (2016). Equality, legitimacy, interests, and preferences: Historical notes on quadratic voting in a political context. Public Choice.Google Scholar
- Pew Research Center. (2015). A deep dive into partisan affiliation. http://www.people-press.org/2015/04/07/a-deep-dive-into-party-affiliation/.
- Posner, E. A., & Weyl, E. G. (2015). Voting squared: Quadratic voting in democratic politics. Vanderbilt Law Review, 68, 441.Google Scholar
- Stephanopoulos, N. O. (2013). Our electoral exceptionalism. University of Chicago Law Review, 80, 769.Google Scholar
- Stephanopoulos, N. O. (2014). Elections and alignment. Columbia Law Review, 114, 283.Google Scholar
- Stephanopoulos, N. O. (2015). Aligning campaign finance law. Virginia Law Review, 101, 1425.Google Scholar
- Stephanopoulos, N. O. (2016). Race, place, and power. Stanford Law Review (forthcoming).Google Scholar
- Stephanopoulos, N. O., & McGhee, E. M. (2015). Partisan gerrymandering and the efficiency gap. University of Chicago Law Review, 82, 831.Google Scholar
- Weyl, E. G. (2012). Quadratic vote buying. Unpub. m.s.Google Scholar
- Ariz. Free Enter. Club’s Freedom Club PAC v. Bennett, 131 S. Ct. 2806 (2011).Google Scholar
- Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S. 1 (1976).Google Scholar
- Burdick v. Takushi, 504 U.S. 428 (1992).Google Scholar
- Cal. Dem. Party v. Jones, 530 U.S. 567 (2000).Google Scholar
- Crawford v. Marion Cty. Elec. Bd., 553 U.S. 181 (2008).Google Scholar
- Dudum v. Arntz, 640 F.3d 1098 (9th Cir. 2011).Google Scholar
- Gray v. Sanders, 372 U.S. 368 (1963).Google Scholar
- Harper v. Va. St. Bd. of Elec., 383 U.S. 663 (1966).Google Scholar
- McCoy v. Chicago Hghts., 6 F. Supp. 2d 973 (N.D. Ill. 1998).Google Scholar
- McCutcheon v. FEC, 134 S. Ct. 1434 (2014).Google Scholar
- Minn. Voters Alliance v. City of Minneapolis, 766 N.W.2d 683 (Minn. 2009).Google Scholar
- Nixon v. Shrink Mo. Gov’t PAC, 528 U.S. 377 (2000).Google Scholar
- Reynolds v. Sims, 377 U.S. 533 (1964).Google Scholar
- United Jewish Orgs. v. Carey, 430 U.S. 144 (1977).Google Scholar
- Wash. State Grange v. Wash. State Rep. Party, 552 U.S. 442 (2008).Google Scholar