Public Choice

, Volume 154, Issue 3–4, pp 315–321 | Cite as

Islam and democracy: a response

Commentary to

Abstract

A debate has emerged whether countries with Muslim majorities are intrinsically more likely to be autocratic. Recent studies have traced this to the allegedly repressive nature of Islam. This article replicates the most recent study on this topic, published in Public Choice (Potrafke in Public Choice 151:185–192, 2012), and demonstrates that the effect is not robust to a number of sensible alterations to the statistical specification. The effect between Islam and democracy is spurious. There is no causal relationship between Islam and democracy.

Keywords

Islam Religion Democracy Political institutions 

JEL Classification

Z12 O11 P16 P48 F59 

References

  1. Aldrich, J. (1995). Correlations genuine and spurious in Pearson and Yule. Statistical Science, 10(4), 364–376. Google Scholar
  2. De Rosa, D., & Iootty, M. (2012). Are natural resources cursed? an investigation of the dynamic effects of resource dependence on institutional quality (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No 6151). Washington: The World Bank. Google Scholar
  3. Gleditsch, K., & Ward, M. D. (2006). Diffusion and the international context of democratization. International Organization, 60, 911–933. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Potrafke, N. (2012). Islam and democracy. Public Choice, 151, 185–192. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pripstein Posusney, M. (2004). Enduring authoritarianism: middle east lessons for comparative theory. Comparative Politics, 36(2), 127–138. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ross, M. L. (2012). The oil curse: how petroleum wealth affects the development of nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Google Scholar
  7. Rowley, C. K., & Smith, N. (2009). Islam’s democracy paradox: Muslims claim to like democracy, so why do they have so little? Public Choice, 139, 273–299. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Seldadyo, H., Elhorst, J. P., & De Haan, J. (2010). Geography and governance: does space matter? Papers in Regional Science, 89(3), 625–640. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Zhukov, Y. M., & Stewart, B. M. (2012, forthcoming). Choosing your neighbors: networks of diffusion in international relations. International Studies Quarterly. http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-ISQU.html (see also http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/5142122).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations