Public Choice

, Volume 154, Issue 3–4, pp 315–321

Islam and democracy: a response

Commentary to


A debate has emerged whether countries with Muslim majorities are intrinsically more likely to be autocratic. Recent studies have traced this to the allegedly repressive nature of Islam. This article replicates the most recent study on this topic, published in Public Choice (Potrafke in Public Choice 151:185–192, 2012), and demonstrates that the effect is not robust to a number of sensible alterations to the statistical specification. The effect between Islam and democracy is spurious. There is no causal relationship between Islam and democracy.


Islam Religion Democracy Political institutions 

JEL Classification

Z12 O11 P16 P48 F59 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

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