Public Choice

, Volume 144, Issue 1–2, pp 119–131 | Cite as

The Marquis de Condorcet goes to Bern

  • Daniel BochslerEmail author


‘Condorcet cycles’ (or ‘paradoxes of cyclical majorities’) are an empirically rare phenomenon. A referendum in the Swiss canton of Bern on 28 November 2004 presents a rare occurrence. This study presents a new multi-option referendum procedure that makes Condorcet cycles visible, and it argues that in this case, the paradox might have resulted from strategic voting patterns.


Condorcet cycle Strategic voting Referendum Swiss cantons 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Comparative and International StudiesUniversität ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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