Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 90, Issue 4, pp 803–814 | Cite as

The Relationship between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Interpersonal Sensitivity and Specific Distress Symptoms: the Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation

  • Gulnara Kobylanovna Slanbekova
  • Man Cheung ChungEmail author
  • Gulbarshyn Turagulovna Ayupova
  • Maira Pobedovna Kabakova
  • Elmira Kenesovna Kalymbetova
  • Nina Vladimirovna Korotkova-Ryckewaert
Original Paper


This study examined 1) the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from past trauma, interpersonal sensitivity and psychiatric co-morbidity, and 2) whether cognitive emotion regulation strategies would mediate the impact of PTSD on specific distress outcomes. Four hundred seventy-five Kazakh students (F = 336, M = 139) participated in the study and completed a demographic page, Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale for DSM-5, General Health Questionnaire-28, Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. The results showed that 71% reported that they had experienced at least one trauma throughout their lifespan, of whom 39% met the criteria for full-PTSD. Controlling for age and university majors, PTSD was associated with interpersonal sensitivity and psychiatric co-morbidity. Cognitive emotion regulation strategies were correlated with specific distress outcomes. Whilst positive reappraisal and refocusing on planning were associated with interpersonal sensitivity, self-blame and putting the trauma into perspective were associated with psychiatric co-morbidity. Self-blame mediated the impact of PTSD on psychiatric co-morbidity. To conclude, trauma can heighten levels of sensitivity in interpersonal interaction and psychological symptoms. Having specific thoughts about the trauma can impact on specific psychological reactions. Blaming oneself for the trauma can influence its impact on the severity of psychological symptoms.


PTSD Interpersonal sensitivity Cognitive emotion regulation 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gulnara Kobylanovna Slanbekova
    • 1
  • Man Cheung Chung
    • 2
    Email author
  • Gulbarshyn Turagulovna Ayupova
    • 3
  • Maira Pobedovna Kabakova
    • 4
  • Elmira Kenesovna Kalymbetova
    • 4
  • Nina Vladimirovna Korotkova-Ryckewaert
    • 5
  1. 1.Karaganda State UniversityKaragandaKazakhstan
  2. 2.Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of EducationThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinHong Kong
  3. 3.L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National UniversityNur-SultanKazakhstan
  4. 4.Al-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  5. 5.Kazan-Perosod Association (France)KazanRussia

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