Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 90, Issue 4, pp 733–746 | Cite as

Differences in Early Maladaptive Schemas between Young Adults Displaying Poor Versus Good Sleep Quality

  • Patrícia Monteiro Rodrigues
  • Daniel Ruivo MarquesEmail author
  • Ana Allen Gomes
Original Paper


Research on the connection between sleep-related problems and Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) is scarce. The aim of the current study was to investigate a potential link between EMSs and poor sleep quality. Participants (n = 249) were selected from a larger sample of 1253 European Portuguese college students who completed the BaSIQS and the YSQ-S3. The major inclusion criteria for the selected participants were high versus low scores on the BaSIQS (poor versus good sleep quality). Students with poor sleep quality had significantly higher levels of Abandonment/ Instability, Mistrust/Abuse, Social Isolation/Alienation, Vulnerability to Harm or Illness, Entitlement/Grandiosity, Self-Sacrifice, and Negativity/Pessimism. These data suggest that EMSs are associated with poor sleep quality. However, additional studies are necessary to better understand this relationship.


Sleep quality Insomnia Early maladaptive schemas College students 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (include name of committee + reference number) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Statement on the welfare of animals

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrícia Monteiro Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Daniel Ruivo Marques
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ana Allen Gomes
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Education and PsychologyUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.CINEICC - Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Behavioral Intervention, Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  3. 3.Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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