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Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 25–38 | Cite as

Attitudes Towards the Mentally Ill: A Study with Health Workers at a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro

  • Sylvia Rosa Gonçalves Siqueira
  • Lúcia Abelha
  • Giovanni Marcos Lovisi
  • Keli Rodrigues Sarução
  • Lawrence Yang
Original Paper

Abstract

As there are few studies about evaluation of attitudes of health care workers to people with mental disorders in Brazil, a cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the health professionals’ attitudes working in a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro and also examine the proportion of negative and positive attitudes endorsed by healthcare professionals in Brazil towards people with mental illness in comparison with other parts of the world. Data were collected using the Community Attitudes towards the Mentally Ill (CAMI) in a random sampling frame of health professionals (n = 246) working in a University Hospital in Rio de Janeiro between April 2013 and June 2013. The CAMI consists of four sub-scales: Authoritarianism, Benevolence, Social Restrictiveness and Community Mental Health Ideology. The results showed attitudes that range from neutral to positive, with the Benevolence and Social Restrictiveness sub-scales showing the least stigmatizing results. The following individual characteristics were associated with negative attitudes: lower levels of education and less clinical experience. In general, health workers attitudes towards service users are characterized as positive when compared with other international studies. However, educational programs for health workers should be reinforced to further promote pre-existing positive attitudes towards people with mental health and the implementation of Brazilian Mental Health Policies.

Keywords

Attitudes of health workers Social stigma Severe mental disorders 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by FAPERJ (Rio de Janeiro State Foundation to Support Research; Grant Number: E-26/1011.843/2012).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

The informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Research Involving Human and Animal Rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvia Rosa Gonçalves Siqueira
    • 1
  • Lúcia Abelha
    • 2
  • Giovanni Marcos Lovisi
    • 2
  • Keli Rodrigues Sarução
    • 2
  • Lawrence Yang
    • 3
  1. 1.Studies Center of the Municipal Institute of Health Care Juliano Moreira (CE/IMASJM)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Institute of Studies in Collective Health (IESC)Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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