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Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 87, Issue 1, pp 129–154 | Cite as

Cross-Cultural Approach of Postpartum Depression: Manifestation, Practices Applied, Risk Factors and Therapeutic Interventions

  • Olympia Evagorou
  • Aikaterini Arvaniti
  • Maria Samakouri
Original Paper

Abstract

It is a well known fact that postpartum depression (PPD) is a global phenomenon that women may experience, regardless of cultural identity and beliefs. This literature review presents the cultural beliefs and postnatal practices around the world, in each continent and people’s origins, looking through the extent to which they contribute positively or negatively to the onset of the disease. 106 articles were used in this research, through a systematic electronic search of Pubmed (Medline) and Scopus. Comparison is also made between the prevalence, the risk factors and the different ways of appearance of the disease around the world and among immigrants. Finally, the initiatives and interventions made so far by the governments and institutions with a view to prevent and address this global problem are presented. The results showed (a) that different cultures share the same risk factors towards the disease (b) significant differences in the prevalence of the disease among both Western and non Western cultures and between the cultures themselves (c) more tendencies for somatization of depressive symptoms in non—Western cultures, (d) different postnatal practices between cultures, which are not always effective (e) the more non-West a culture is, the less interventions concern on mental health; the same phenomenon is observed on populations burdened by immigration. The beliefs held by culture should be taken seriously in detecting of PPD, as well as the assessment of the needs of women who have recently given birth.

Keywords

Postpartum depression Transcultural Cross-cultural Interventions 

Abbreviations

PPD

Postpartum depression

nW

non-Western

UAE

United Arab Emirates

PRIME

Program for improving mental health care

MBU

Mother–baby unit

PNDSA

Postnatal depression support association of South Africa

PMHP

Perinatal mental health project

MHA

Mental health america

PMDs

Perinatal mood disorders

FHS

Family health strategy

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Medicine SchoolDemocritus University of Thrace, University General Hospital of AlexandroupolisAlexandroupolis-DraganaGreece

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