Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 83, Issue 4, pp 397–405 | Cite as

French Validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS)

  • Yasser KhazaalEmail author
  • Anne Chatton
  • Alessandra Horn
  • Sophia Achab
  • Gabriel Thorens
  • Daniele Zullino
  • Joël Billieux
Original Paper


The popularity of using the Internet and related applications has grown in European countries in the last two decades. Despite numerous advantages in terms of optimizing communications among individuals and social systems, the use of the Internet may be associated with excessive use and possible Internet addiction. The goals of the current study were to validate a French version of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) and to assess its links with common psychiatric symptoms such as depression (assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory: BDI), anxiety (assessed with the Trait Anxiety Inventory: STAI) and alcohol misuse (assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test: AUDIT). The French versions of the CIUS, BDI, STAI and AUDIT were administered to a sample of Internet users. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses, correlation analysis and logistic regression were performed. As previously found with the original version, a one-factor model of the CIUS had good psychometric properties and fit the data well. Excessive use of the Internet was associated with depressive symptoms.


Internet Addiction Internet addiction Factor analysis Validation Depression 



We thank Dr. G-J Meerkerk for kindly authorizing the translation and validation of the CIUS in the French language.

Conflict of interest

No competing financial interests exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yasser Khazaal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anne Chatton
    • 1
  • Alessandra Horn
    • 1
  • Sophia Achab
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriel Thorens
    • 1
  • Daniele Zullino
    • 1
  • Joël Billieux
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mental Health and PsychiatryGeneva University HospitalsGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.EA 481 Laboratoire de NeurosciencesUniversité de franche-ComtéBesanconFrance
  3. 3.Psychological Sciences Research InstituteCatholic University of Louvain-La-NeuveLouvain-La-NeuveBelgium

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