, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 311–320 | Cite as

Primary schooling in West Bengal

  • Amartya SenEmail author


With his Nobel Prize award money, Amartya Sen set up the Pratichi Trust which carries out research, advocacy and experimental projects in basic education, primary health care, and women’s development in West Bengal and Bangladesh. Professor Sen himself took active interest in this work—helping set the agenda, looking at the evidence from research, and engaging in advocacy. The present article is based on Sen’s introduction to a Pratichi study of primary education in West Bengal, released in December 2009, which compares the results of surveys conducted at an interval of almost a decade. Sen’s significant findings and insightful observations and recommendations have relevance much beyond West Bengal.


Curriculum reform India Primary schooling 


  1. Bray, M. (2003). Adverse effects of private supplementary tutoring: Dimensions, implications and government responses. Paris: UNESCO IIEP [International Institute for Educational Planning].Google Scholar
  2. Rana, K., et al. (2004). Pratichi siksha pratibedan [Pratichi Education Report]. Kolkata: Dey’s Publishing.Google Scholar
  3. The Pratichi Research Team (2002). The Pratichi education report: A study in West Bengal. Delhi: TLM Books in association with the Pratichi Trust.Google Scholar

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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