Advertisement

Journal of Productivity Analysis

, Volume 25, Issue 1–2, pp 43–55 | Cite as

U.S. University Research Parks

  • Albert N. LinkEmail author
  • John T. Scott
Article

Abstract

University research parks are important as a mechanism for the transfer of academic research findings, as a source of knowledge spillovers, and as a catalyst for national and regional economic growth. We develop a model to describe the growth, or productivity, of research parks, and we test this model using the newly constructed National Science Foundation database on university research parks. We find that parks closer to the university, operated by a private organization, and with a specific technology focus—information technology in particular—grow faster than the average of 8.4% per year.

JEL Classification

O33 O31 

Keywords

Research park Science park University research Technology transfer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, JD 2002Comparative localization of academic and industrial spilloversJ Econ Geogr2253278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams, JD, Jaffe, AB 1996Bounding the effects of R&D: an investigation using matched establishment-firm dataRand J Econ94700721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Association of University Related Research Parks (AURRP) 1997. Worldwide Research & Science Park Directory 1998. BPI Communications.Google Scholar
  4. Bozeman, B 2000Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theoryRes Policy29627656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bozeman, B, Crow, M 1991Red tape and technology transfer in U.S. government laboratoriesJ Technol Transf162937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brod, AC, Link, AN 2001Trends in cooperative research activityFeldman, MPLink, AN eds. Innovation policy in the knowledge-based economyKluwer Academic PublishersBostonGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen W (2002) Thoughts and questions on science parks, presented at the National Science Foundation Science Parks Indicators Workshop, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, November 2002 (Also in A.N. Link, Final Report to the National Science Foundation on Science Park Indicators Workshop, January 2003.).Google Scholar
  8. Danilov, VJ 1971The Research park shake-outInd Res1314Google Scholar
  9. Feldman, MP 1999The new economics of innovation, spillovers and agglomeration: a review of empirical studiesEcon. Innovation New Technol8525Google Scholar
  10. Feldman MP, Lichtenberg F (2002) Innovation, imitation and distance in the pharmaceutical industry. Johns Hopkins University, mimeographed.Google Scholar
  11. Griliches, Z 1986Productivity growth, R&D, and basic research at the firm level in the 1970sAm Econ Rev76141154Google Scholar
  12. Hagedoorn, J, Link, AN, Vonortas, NS 2000Research partnerships Res Policy29567586Google Scholar
  13. Hall, BH, Link, AN, Scott, JT 2001Barriers inhibiting industry from partnering with universities: evidence from the advanced technology programJ Technol Transf268798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hall, BH, Link, AN, Scott, JT 2003Universities as research partnersRev Econ Stat85485491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Link, AN 1981Basic research and productivity increase in manufacturing: some additional evidenceAm Econ Rev7111111112Google Scholar
  16. Link AN (1995) A Generosity of spirit: The early history of the Research Triangle Park. University of North Carolina Press for the Research Triangle Park Foundation: Research Triangle Park NC.Google Scholar
  17. Link AN (2002) From seed to harvest: the history of the growth of the research triangle park. University of North Carolina Press for the Research Triangle Park Foundation: Research Triangle Park NC.Google Scholar
  18. Link, AN, Link, KR 2003On the growth of U.S. science parksJ Technol Transf288185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Link, AN, Siegel, DS 2003Technolgical change and economic performanceRoutledgeLondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Link, AN, Scott, JT 2003aThe growth of Research Triangle ParkSmall Bus Econ20167175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Link, AN, Scott, JT 2003bU.S. science parks: the diffusion of an innovation and its effects on the academic mission of universitiesInt J Ind Org2113231356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mansfield, E 1980Basic research and the productivity increase in manufacturingAm Econ Rev70863873Google Scholar
  23. Board National Science2002Science and engineering indicators, 2002Government Printing OfficeArlington, VAGoogle Scholar
  24. Nekar, A, Shane, S 2003When do start-ups that exploit patented academic knowledge surviveInt J Ind Org2113911410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nelson, RR 1993National innovation systems: a comparative analysisOxford University PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Porter M (2001) Clusters of innovation: regional foundations of U.S. competitiveness. Council on Competitiveness Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  27. Siegel DS, Waldman D, Link AN (1999) Assessing the impact of organizational practices on the relative productivity of university technology transfer offices. NBER Working Paper 2756, July 1999.Google Scholar
  28. Siegel, DS, Waldman, D, Link, AN 2003Assessing the impact of organizational practices on the relative productivity of university technology transfer offices: an exploratory studyRes Policy322748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Swann, GMP, Prevezer, M, Stout, D 1998The dynamics of industrial clusteringOxford University PressOxfordGoogle Scholar
  30. Wallsten, S 2001An empirical test of geographic knowledge spillovers using geographic information systems and firm-level dataReg Sci Urban Econ31571599CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of North CarolinaGreensboro
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsDartmouth CollegeHanover

Personalised recommendations