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Prevention Science

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 1–9 | Cite as

Moving Toward a Precision-Based, Personalized Framework for Prevention Science: Introduction to the Special Issue

  • Gerald J. AugustEmail author
  • Abigail Gewirtz
Article

Abstract

The goal of this Special Issue is to introduce prevention scientists to an emerging form of healthcare, called precision medicine. This approach integrates investigation of the mechanisms of disease and health-compromising behaviors with prevention, treatment, and cure resolved at the level of the individual. Precision Medicine and its derivative personalized prevention represents a promising paradigm for prevention science as it accounts for response heterogeneity and guides development of targeted interventions that may enhance program effect sizes. If successfully integrated into prevention science research, personalized prevention is an approach that can inform the development of decision support tools (screening measures, prescriptive algorithms) and enhance the utility of mobile health technologies that will enable practitioners to use personalized consumer data to inform decisions about the best type and/or intensity of a prevention strategy for particular individuals or subgroups of individuals. In this special issue, we present conceptual articles that provide a heuristic framework for precision-based, personalization prevention research and empirical studies that address research questions exemplary of a new generation of precision-based personalized preventive interventions focused on children’s mental health, behavioral health, and education.

Keywords

Precision medicine Personalized prevention Children’s mental health Targeted interventions Tailoring technologies Universal prevention Selective prevention Indicated prevention 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent is not applicable.

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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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