Reciprocal Relations between Coalition Functioning and the Provision of Implementation Support
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Community coalitions have been promoted as a strategy to help overcome challenges to the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based prevention programs. This paper explores the characteristics of coalitions that enable the provision of implementation support for prevention programs in general and for the implementation of evidence-based prevention programs with fidelity. Longitudinal cross-lagged panel models were used to study 74 Communities That Care (CTC) coalitions in Pennsylvania. These analyses provide evidence of a unidirectional influence of coalition functioning on the provision of implementation support. Coalition member knowledge of the CTC model best predicted the coalition’s provision of support for evidence-based program implementation with fidelity. Implications for developing and testing innovative methods for delivering training and technical assistance to enhance coalition member knowledge are discussed.
KeywordsCommunities That Care Substance-use prevention Delinquency prevention Coalitions Partnerships Program implementation
This research is supported by a grant from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (R03DA027942) and the Pennsylvania Commission for Crime and Delinquency (PCCD). Additionally, this article is supported in part by the National Cancer Institute through a Community Networks Program Center grant U54 CA153505. Findings and recommendations herein are not official statements of the NIDA, PCCD, or NCI. The authors acknowledge the enthusiastic support of Michael Pennington, Ruth Williams, Douglas Hoffman, Raymond Moneta, and Clay R. Yeager at PCCD. We are also grateful for the cooperation of the state-funded Communities That Care (CTC) technical assistance providers and the many CTC coalition members in Pennsylvania
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