A Randomized Effectiveness Trial of Brief Parent Training in Primary Care Settings
- 1.1k Downloads
Brief Parent Training (BPT) is a short-term intervention (3–5 sessions) delivered by regular staff in municipal child and family services. BPT is based on social interaction learning theory and Parent Management Training, the Oregon model (PMTO) and promotes parenting skills in families with children who either are at an early stage of problem behavior development or have developed conduct problems. This study examined the effectiveness of BPT compared to regular services in primary care settings at post assessment. Participants were 216 children (3–12 years) and their parents who were randomly assigned to BPT or the comparison group. Data were collected from parents and teachers. Significant intervention effects emerged for caregiver assessments of parenting practices, child conduct problems, and social competence. The results suggested that BPT had beneficial effects for families, although the generalization of the effects to school was limited.
KeywordsConduct problems Brief intervention Parent management training Effectiveness study Randomized control trial
We are grateful to the following people who participated in extensive work related to coordination of the study, data collection and data management: Trine Staer, Terje Christiansen, Roar Solholm and Bjørn Arild Kristiansen. Special thanks go to the families, agencies and interventionists for their contribution to this study.
- Aarts, M. (2000). Marte Meo: Basic manual. Harderwijk: Aarts Productions.Google Scholar
- Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Integrative guide for the 1991 CBCL/4-18, YSR and TRF profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.Google Scholar
- Askeland, E., Berg, E. T., Christiansen, T., Flock, M., & Launes, E. (2006). Handbook of brief parent training. Oslo: The Norwegian Center for Child Behavioral Development.Google Scholar
- Eyberg, S. M., & Pincus, D. (1999). Child behavior inventory and Sutter-Eyberg student behavior inventory: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
- Forgatch, M. S. (1994). Parenting through change: A programmed intervention curriculum for groups of single mothers. Eugene: Oregon Social Learning Center.Google Scholar
- Lurie, J. (2006). Teachers’ perceptions of emotional and behavioral problems in 6–12 year old Norwegian school children. Trondheim, Norway: Barnevernets Utviklingssenter i Midt-Norge.Google Scholar
- Merrell, K. W., & Caldarella, P. (2002). Home and community social behavior Scales: User’s guide. Eugene, OR: Assessment-Intervention Resources.Google Scholar
- Moffitt, T. E. (2006). Life-course-persistent versus adolescence-limited antisocial behavior. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Risk, disorder and adaptation (2nd ed., pp. 570–598). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
- Nøvik, T. S. (1999). Validity and use of the Child Behavior Checklist in Norwegian children and adolescents: An epidemiological and clinical study. Oslo: Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.Google Scholar
- Patterson, G. R. (1982). A social learning approach: Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Patterson, G. R., & Yoerger, K. (2002). A developmental model for early- and late-onset antisocial behavior. In J. B. Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: A developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 147–172). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Schoenwald, S. K., Garland, A. F., Chapman, J. E., Frazier, S. L., Sheidow, A. J., Southam-Gerow, M. A. (2011). Toward the effective and efficient measurement of implementation fidelity. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 38, 32–43.Google Scholar
- Shaw, D. S., Dishion, T. J., Supplee, L., Gardner, F., & Arnds, K. (2006). Randomized trial of a family-centered approach to the prevention of early conduct problems: 2-year effects of the family check-up in early childhood. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 1–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Statistics Norway. (2010). Inntekt etter skatt for par med barn og enslige forsørgere [Incomes for couples with children and single parents]. Retrieved from: http://statbank.ssb.no/statistikkbanken/Default_FR.asp?PXSid=0&nvl=true&PLanguage=0&tilside=selectvarval/define.asp&Tabellid=03703.
- Storvoll, E. E. (1997). Children and youth with severe behavior problems: Who are they and which help are they offered? Oslo: NOVA.Google Scholar
- Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar