Prevention Science

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 12–22 | Cite as

Assessing Media Campaigns Linking Marijuana Non-Use with Autonomy and Aspirations: “Be Under Your Own Influence” and ONDCP’s “Above the Influence”

  • Michael D. SlaterEmail author
  • Kathleen J. Kelly
  • Frank R. Lawrence
  • Linda R. Stanley
  • Maria Leonora G. Comello


Two media-based interventions designed to reduce adolescent marijuana use ran concurrently from 2005 to 2009. Both interventions used similar message strategies, emphasizing marijuana’s inconsistency with personal aspirations and autonomy. “Be Under Your Own Influence” was a randomized community and school trial replicating and extending a successful earlier intervention of the same name (Slater et al. Health Education Research 21:157–167, 2006). “Above the Influence” is a continuing national television, radio, and print campaign sponsored by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP). This study assessed the simultaneous impact of the interventions in the 20 U.S. communities. Results indicate that earlier effects of the “Be Under Your Own Influence” intervention replicated only in part and that the most plausible explanation of the weaker effects is high exposure to the similar but more extensive ONDCP “Above the Influence” national campaign. Self-reported exposure to the ONDCP campaign predicted reduced marijuana use, and analyses partially support indirect effects of the two campaigns via aspirations and autonomy.


Marijuana Media School intervention Community intervention ONDCP 


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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Slater
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathleen J. Kelly
    • 2
  • Frank R. Lawrence
    • 3
  • Linda R. Stanley
    • 2
  • Maria Leonora G. Comello
    • 4
  1. 1.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Colorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  3. 3.The Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  4. 4.University of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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