Prevention Science

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 70–79 | Cite as

Improving Attention and Preventing Reading Difficulties among Low-Income First-Graders: A Randomized Study

  • Eric Dion
  • Catherine Roux
  • Danika Landry
  • Douglas Fuchs
  • Joseph Wehby
  • Véronique Dupéré


Students’ inattention is predictive of reading problems and of non-response to effective reading intervention. In this randomized study, 58 first-grade classrooms located in 30 schools were assigned to a control condition or to one of two intervention conditions. In these last two conditions, peer-tutoring activities were conducted to improve classroom reading instruction. In one of the intervention conditions, the Good Behavior Game was also implemented to maximize students’ attention during reading lessons. Both interventions were effective: peer-tutoring activities helped students improve their reading skills and attention was generally higher when the Good Behavior Game was implemented. Contrary to expectations however, students identified as inattentive at pretest did not become better readers when the two interventions were implemented.


Attention Reading problems Classroom instruction Peer-tutoring Low-income 


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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Dion
    • 1
  • Catherine Roux
    • 1
  • Danika Landry
    • 1
  • Douglas Fuchs
    • 2
  • Joseph Wehby
    • 2
  • Véronique Dupéré
    • 3
  1. 1.Département d’éducation et formation spécialiséesUniversité du Québec à MontréalMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of Special EducationVanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Child DevelopmentTufts UniversityMedfordUSA

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