Prevention Science

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 21–33 | Cite as

Measures of Positive Adult Behavior and Their Relationship to Crime and Substance Use

  • Rick KostermanEmail author
  • J. David Hawkins
  • Robert D. Abbott
  • Karl G. Hill
  • Todd I. Herrenkohl
  • Richard F. Catalano


Drawing on diverse approaches to the study of youth development and adult functioning, as well as social capital and citizenship, this investigation identifies measures of positive adult behavior. Although prevention researchers study protective factors, as well as risk factors, for problem behaviors and other negative outcomes, less attention is given to positive behavior outcomes and there is little understanding of the relationships between positive and negative outcomes. Analyses included 765 participants from the Seattle Social Development Project interviewed at age 21. Seven measures of positive adult behavior were identified: volunteerism, group involvement, neighborliness, interpersonal connection, constructive engagement, financial responsibility, and honesty. Measures related to distal social relationships (group involvement and neighborliness) had relatively weak associations with crime and substance use. In contrast, the measures of constructive engagement, financial responsibility, and honesty had significant negative associations with multiple measures of crime and substance use. Results indicate that the seven measures provide relatively independent variables useful for assessing positive adult behavior. These measures can be used to assess positive outcomes in adulthood of intervention studies, or to assess the prevalence of positive adult behavior in different populations or groups.

positive behavior adult functioning outcome assessment crime substance use 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Kosterman
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • J. David Hawkins
    • 1
  • Robert D. Abbott
    • 2
  • Karl G. Hill
    • 1
  • Todd I. Herrenkohl
    • 1
  • Richard F. Catalano
    • 1
  1. 1.Social Development Research Group, School of Social WorkUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  2. 2.Educational Psychology, College of EducationUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  3. 3.Social Development Research Group, School of Social WorkUniversity of WashingtonSeattle

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