Prevention Science

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 237–244 | Cite as

Psychosocial Predictors of Cannabis Use in Adolescents at Risk

  • Gebhard HüslerEmail author
  • Bernard Plancherel
  • Egon Werlen
Original Paper


This research has tested a social disintegration model in conjunction with risk and protection factors that have the power to differentiate relative, weighted interactions among variables in different socially disintegrated groups. The model was tested in a cross-sectional sample of 1082 at-risk youth in Switzerland. Structural equation analyses show significant differences between the social disintegration (low, moderate, high) groups and gender, indicating that the model works differently for groups and for gender. For the highly disintegrated adolescents results clearly show that the risk factors (negative mood, peer network, delinquency) are more important than the protective factors (family relations, secure sense of self). Family relations lose all protective value against negative peer influence, but personal variables, such as secure self, gain protective power.


social disintegration model (SDM) adolescents at risk protective risk factors cannabis use 



We would like to thank the participants in this study. We would also like to thank the Federal Office of Public Health which made this research possible.


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Copyright information

© Society of Prevention Research 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gebhard Hüsler
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Bernard Plancherel
    • 2
  • Egon Werlen
    • 1
  1. 1.Center of Rehabilitation and Health Psychology ResearchUniversity of FribourgGranges-PaccotSwitzerland
  2. 2.Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie de l'Enfant et de l'AdolescentLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Center for Rehabilitation and Health Psychology ResearchUniversity of FribourgGranges-PaccotSwitzerland

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