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Protection of PSI and PSII complexes of wheat from toxic effect of anthracene by Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594)

  • Lakshmi Jain
  • Anjana JajooEmail author
Original article

Abstract

Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in environment indicates a serious problem to the present era. These are carcinogenic and mutagenic compounds and pose a potential risk to photosynthetic organisms. The present study illustrates the protection of Photosystem I and Photosystem II complexes of wheat plant by Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594) from toxic effects of anthracene (ANT). Initially, Chl a fluorescence induction curve measurement revealed declined J–I and I–P phase in ANT-treated plants. Efficiency of light absorption, trapping, and electron transport was reduced in ANT-treated plants, while in ANT + Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594)-treated plants value of these parameters was restored. Effect of ANT and ANT + Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594) on energy conversion of Photosystem I and Photosystem II was measured. Quantum yield of Photosystem I (YI) and Photosystem II (YII) was decreased in the presence of ANT, while these values were recovered in ANT + Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594)-treated plants. Reduction in Y(II) was associated with an increase in non-regulated energy dissipation NO. Likewise the reduction of Y(I) was induced due to donor-side and acceptor-side limitation of Photosystem I caused by toxic effect of ANT. Toxic effects of ANT on electron transport rate (ETRI and ETRII) were found to be reduced in ANT + Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594)-treated plants. Activation of Cyclic electron flow around Photosystem I in ANT-treated plants was recovered by bacteria. It was concluded that toxic effect of ANT on Photosystem I and Photosystem II complexes was recovered by Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594) strain, and thus it is useful strain for crop improvement in ANT-polluted soil.

Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) Wheat PSII PSI Bacillus subtilis (NCIM 5594) Anthracene 

Abbreviations

ABS

Absorption

ANT

Anthracene

Chl

Chlorophyll

CS

Cross section

CEF

Cyclic electron flow

ETRI

Electron transport rate of PSI

ETRII

Electron transport rate of PSII

LEF

Linear electron flow

Pm

Maximal changes in P700 signal

PSI

Photosystem I

PSII

Photosystem II

PAHs

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Y(I)

Quantum yield of PSI

Y(II)

Quantum yield of PSII

Y(NA)

Quantum yield of non-photochemical energy dissipation due to acceptor- side limitation

Y(ND)

Quantum yield of non-photochemical energy dissipation due to donor-side limitation

NO

Yield of non-regulated energy dissipation

NPQ

Yield of regulated energy dissipation

Notes

Acknowledgements

LJ thanks the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India, for CSIR-Senior Research Fellowship (09/301(0130)/2016-EMR-I).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life ScienceDevi Ahilya UniversityIndoreIndia

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