Advertisement

Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 136, Issue 3, pp 269–274 | Cite as

William E. Vidaver (1921–2017): an innovator, enthusiastic scientist, inspiring teacher and a wonderful friend

  • A. H. Jay Burr
  • Aaron Vidaver
  • Ulrich Schreiber
  • Doug Bruce
  • Danielle J. Donnelly
Tribute
  • 150 Downloads

Abstract

William (Bill) E. Vidaver (February 2, 1921–August 31, 2017), who did his Ph.D. with Laurence (Larry) R. Blinks at Stanford (1964) and a postdoc with C. Stacy French (1965), taught and did research at Simon Fraser University (SFU) for almost 30 years. Here he published over 80 papers in photosynthesis-related areas co-authored by his graduate students, postdocs, visiting professors and SFU colleagues. He developed a unique high-pressure cuvette for the study of oxygen exchange and studied high-pressure effects in photosynthesis. Ulrich (Uli) Schreiber, as a postdoctoral fellow from Germany, introduced measurements on chlorophyll (Chl) a fluorescence to Bill’s lab, leading to the discovery of reversible inhibition of excitation energy transfer between photosynthetic pigments and of a pivotal role of O2 in the oxidation of the electron transport chain between Photosystem II (PS II) and PS I. Bill’s and Uli’s work led to a patent of a portable chlorophyll fluorometer, the first available commercially, which was later modified to measure whole plantlets. The latter was used in pioneering measurement of the health of forest and crop plants undergoing in vitro clonal micropropagation. With several other researchers (including Doug Bruce, the late Radovan Popovic, and Sarah Swenson), he localized the quenching site of O2 and showed a dampening effect on measurements of the four-step process of O2 production by endogenous oxygen uptake. Bill is remembered as a hard-working but fun-loving person with a keen mind and strong sense of social justice.

Keywords

O2 quenching Oxygen electrode Chlorophyll fluorescence induction Kautsky effect High hydrostatic pressure Brown algae Green algae In vitro clonal micropropagation of plants. 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge previous tributes and obituaries of Bill Vidaver: One prepared for the Simon Fraser University Retirees Association by Jay Burr with the help of Aaron Vidaver—available at https://www.sfu.ca/content/dam/sfu/retirees/memoriam/BillVidaverObit.pdf; and others in North Shore News (1 October 2017) and Vancouver Sun (30 September 2017). The authors appreciate editorial suggestions provided by Govindjee, the outgoing editor of “History and Biography” section of Photosynthesis Research.

References

  1. Abbott IA, Smith CM (2010) Lawrence Rogers Blinks (1900–1989). Biographical memoirs. Nat Acad Sci USA, 3–19Google Scholar
  2. Bruce D, Vidaver W, Colbow L, Popovic R (1983) Electron transport-dependent chlorophyll-a fluorescence quenching by O2 in various algae and higher plants. Plant Physiol 73:886–888CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Chandler MT, Vidaver W (1971) Stationary platinum electrode for measurement of O2 exchange by biological systems under hydrostatic pressure. Rev Sci Instrum 42:143–146CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. DeEll JR, Toivonen PMA (eds) (2012) Practical applications of chlorophyll fluorescence in plant biology. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Demmig-Adams B, Garab G, Adams W III, Govindjee (eds) (2014) Non-photochemical quenching and energy dissipation in plants, algae and cyanobacteria. Advances in photosynthesis and respiration, vol 40. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  6. Donnelly DJ, Vidaver WE (1984) Pigment content and gas-exchange of red raspberry in vitro and ex vitro. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 109:177–181Google Scholar
  7. Donnelly DJ, Vidaver WE, Colbow K (1984) Fixation of 14CO2 in tissue cultured red raspberry prior to and after transfer to soil. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 3:313–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gooch V, Vidaver W (1980) Kinetic analysis of the influence of hydrostatic pressure on bioluminescence of Gonyaulax polyedra. Photochem Photobiol 31:397–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Govindjee (1995) Sixty-three years since Kautsky: chlorophyll a fluorescence. Aust J Plant Physiol 22: 131–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Govindjee, Fork DC (2006) Charles Stacy French (1907–1995) biographical memoirs. Nat Acad Sci USA 88:2–29Google Scholar
  11. Govindjee, Shevela D, Björn LO (2017) Evolution of the Z-scheme of photosynthesis. Photosynth Res 133:5–15CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Mohammed GH, Gillies SL, Vidaver WE (1992) Ex vitro photosynthetic activity in plantlets of tissue cultured Douglas-fir. Tree Physiol 10:403–410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Papageorgiou GC, Govindjee (eds) (2004) Chlorophyll a fluorescence: a signature of photosynthesis. Advances in photosynthesis and respiration, vol 19. Kluwer Academic (now Springer), DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  14. Popovic R, Colbow K, Vidaver W, Bruce D (1983) Evolution of O2 in brown algal chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 73:889–892CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Schreiber U, Vidaver W (1973a) Photosynthetic energy transfer reversibly inhibited by hydrostatic pressure. Photochem Photobiol 18:205–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Schreiber U, Vidaver W (1973b) Hydrostatic pressure: a reversible inhibitor of primary photosynthetic processes. Z Naturforschung C Bio Sci 28:704–709Google Scholar
  17. Schreiber U, Vidaver W (1974) Chlorophyll fluorescence induction in anaerobic Scenedesmus obliquus. Biochim Biophys Acta 368:97–112CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Schreiber U, Vidaver W (1975) Analysis of anaerobic fluorescence decay in Scenedesmus obliquus. Biochim Biophys Acta 387:37–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schreiber U, Groberman L, Vidaver W (1975) Portable, solid-state fluorometer for measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence induction in plants. Rev Sci Instrum 46:538–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schreiber U, Vidaver W, Runeckles VC, Rosen P (1978) Chlorophyll fluorescence assay for ozone injury in intact plants. Plant Physiol 61:80–84CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Speer HL, Hsiao AI, Vidaver W (1974) Effects of germination-promoting substances given in conjunction with red light on the phytochrome-mediated germination of dormant lettuce seeds (Lactuca sativa L.). Plant Physiol 54:852–854CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Stirbet A, Lazar D, Kromdijk J, Govindjee (2018) Chlorophyll a fluorescence induction: can just a one-second measurement be used to quantify abiotic stress responses?. Photosynthetica 56: in the pressGoogle Scholar
  23. Swenson SI, Colbow K, Vidaver WE (1986) Oxygen exchange in Ulva using a bare platinum electrode with 4 microsecond saturating light flashes. Plant Physiol 80:346–349CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Toivonen P, Vidaver W (1984) Integrating fluorometer for the measurement of chlorophyll fluorescence induction in intact plants. Rev Sci Instrum 55:1687–1690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Vidaver W (1966) Separate action spectra for two photochemical systems of photosynthesis. Plant Physiol 41:87–89CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Vidaver W (1969) Hydrostatic pressure effects on photosynthesis. Int Rev Hydrobiol 54:697–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vidaver W, French CS (1965) Oxygen uptake and evolution following monochromatic light flashes in Ulva and an action spectrum for system I. Plant Physiol 40:7–12CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Vidaver W, Popovic R, Bruce D, Colbow K (1981) Oxygen quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence in chloroplasts. Photochem Photobiol 34:633–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Withers N, Vidaver W, Lewin RA (1978) Pigment composition, photosynthesis and fine structure of a non-blue-green prokaryotic algal symbiont (Prochloron sp.) in a didemnid ascidian from Hawaiian waters. Phycologia 17:167–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Jay Burr
    • 1
  • Aaron Vidaver
    • 2
  • Ulrich Schreiber
    • 3
  • Doug Bruce
    • 4
  • Danielle J. Donnelly
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada
  2. 2.Inspeximus Archival ServicesVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Julius-von-Sachs Institute of Biological SciencesUniversity of WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  4. 4.Department of Biological SciencesBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada
  5. 5.Plant Science DepartmentMacdonald Campus, McGill UniversitySainte Anne de BellevueCanada

Personalised recommendations