Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 130, Issue 1–3, pp 167–182 | Cite as

Characterization of nineteen antimony(III) complexes as potent inhibitors of photosystem II, carbonic anhydrase, and glutathione reductase

  • Mehmet Sayım Karacan
  • Margarita V. Rodionova
  • Turgay Tunç
  • Kübra Begüm Venedik
  • Serhat Mamaş
  • Alexandr V. Shitov
  • Sergei K. Zharmukhamedov
  • Vyacheslav V. Klimov
  • Nurcan Karacan
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
Original Article


Nineteen antimony(III) complexes were obtained and examined as possible herbicides. Six of these were synthesized for the first time, and their structures were identified using elemental analyses, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, FTIR, LCMS, magnetic susceptibility, and conductivity measurement techniques. For the nineteen examined antimony(III) complexes their most-stable forms were determined by DFT/B3LYP/LanL2DZ calculation method. These compounds were examined for effects on photosynthetic electron transfer and carbonic anhydrase activity of photosystem II, and glutathione reductase from chloroplast as well were investigated. Our results indicated that all antimony(III) complexes inhibited glutathione reductase activity of chloroplast. A number of these also exhibited good inhibitory efficiency of the photosynthetic and carbonic anhydrase activity of Photosystem II.


Photosystem II (PSII) Carbonic anhydrase Glutathione reductase Antimony(III) complexes Inhibitors 



The authors thank Gorshkova D. for preliminary GR experiments. This study has been supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK-Project no: 212T089), by the Grants from Russian Foundation for Basic Research, and by Molecular and Cell Biology Programs from Russian Academy of Sciences.

Supplementary material

11120_2016_236_MOESM1_ESM.docx (433 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 879 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet Sayım Karacan
    • 1
  • Margarita V. Rodionova
    • 2
  • Turgay Tunç
    • 3
  • Kübra Begüm Venedik
    • 1
  • Serhat Mamaş
    • 1
  • Alexandr V. Shitov
    • 4
  • Sergei K. Zharmukhamedov
    • 4
  • Vyacheslav V. Klimov
    • 4
  • Nurcan Karacan
    • 1
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    • 2
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Science FacultyGazi UniversityTeknikokullar, AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Controlled Photobiosynthesis Laboratory, Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Process Engineering, Engineering and Architecture FacultyAhi Evran UniversityKırşehirTurkey
  4. 4.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  5. 5.Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of BiologyM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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