Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 126, Issue 2–3, pp 237–247 | Cite as

Photobiological hydrogen production and artificial photosynthesis for clean energy: from bio to nanotechnologies

  • K. Nath
  • M. M. Najafpour
  • R. A. Voloshin
  • S. E. Balaghi
  • E. Tyystjärvi
  • R. Timilsina
  • J. J. Eaton-Rye
  • T. Tomo
  • H. G. Nam
  • H. Nishihara
  • S. Ramakrishna
  • J.-R. Shen
  • S. I. Allakhverdiev
Review

Abstract

Global energy demand is increasing rapidly and due to intensive consumption of different forms of fuels, there are increasing concerns over the reduction in readily available conventional energy resources. Because of the deleterious atmospheric effects of fossil fuels and the uncertainties of future energy supplies, there is a surge of interest to find environmentally friendly alternative energy sources. Hydrogen (H2) has attracted worldwide attention as a secondary energy carrier, since it is the lightest carbon-neutral fuel rich in energy per unit mass and easy to store. Several methods and technologies have been developed for H2 production, but none of them are able to replace the traditional combustion fuel used in automobiles so far. Extensively modified and renovated methods and technologies are required to introduce H2 as an alternative efficient, clean, and cost-effective future fuel. Among several emerging renewable energy technologies, photobiological H2 production by oxygenic photosynthetic microbes such as green algae and cyanobacteria or by artificial photosynthesis has attracted significant interest. In this short review, we summarize the recent progress and challenges in H2-based energy production by means of biological and artificial photosynthesis routes.

Keywords

Artificial photosynthesis Hydrogen as clean energy Cyanobacteria Light-harvesting complexes Nanotechnology Photobiological hydrogen production 

Abbreviations

Chl

Chlorophyll

CO2

Carbon dioxide

CH4

Methane

FdOX

Oxidized form of ferredoxin

FdRED

Reduced form of ferredoxin

H2

Hydrogen

PS I and PS II

Photosystem I and photosystem II

LHCs

Light-harvesting complexes

NGS

Natural gas reformation reaction

HTWS

High-temperature thermochemical water splitting

NHTE

Nuclear high-temperature electrolysis

Nm3

Normal cubic meter

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

HRTEM

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy

WOC

Water-oxidizing complex

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Nath
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. M. Najafpour
    • 3
    • 4
  • R. A. Voloshin
    • 5
  • S. E. Balaghi
    • 6
  • E. Tyystjärvi
    • 7
  • R. Timilsina
    • 8
  • J. J. Eaton-Rye
    • 9
  • T. Tomo
    • 10
    • 11
  • H. G. Nam
    • 8
  • H. Nishihara
    • 12
  • S. Ramakrishna
    • 13
  • J.-R. Shen
    • 14
  • S. I. Allakhverdiev
    • 5
    • 15
    • 16
  1. 1.Research Institute for Next Generation (RING)KathmanduNepal
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  4. 4.Center of Climate Change and Global WarmingInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  5. 5.Controlled Photobiosynthesis Laboratory, Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shiraz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShirazIran
  7. 7.Department of Biochemistry / Molecular Plant BiologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  8. 8.Center for Plant Aging Research, Institute for Basic Science, and Department of New BiologyDGISTDaeguRepublic of Korea
  9. 9.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand
  10. 10.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceTokyo University of ScienceTokyoJapan
  11. 11.PRESTOJapan Science and Technology Agency (JST)SaitamaJapan
  12. 12.Department of Chemistry, School of ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  13. 13.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Center for Nanofibers and NanotechnologyNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  14. 14.Photosynthesis Research Center, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Faculty of ScienceOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  15. 15.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  16. 16.Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of BiologyM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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