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Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 205–215 | Cite as

The essential role of phosphatidylglycerol in photosynthesis

  • Hajime Wada
  • Norio Murata
Research Article

Abstract

Since the first identification of phosphatidylglycerol in Scenedesmus by Benson and Maruo in 1958, researchers have studied many biological functions of this phospholipid. Genetic, biochemical, and structural studies of photosynthetic organisms have revealed that phosphatidylglycerol is crucial to the photosynthetic transport of electrons, the development of chloroplasts, and tolerance to chilling. In this review, we summarize our present understanding of the biochemical and physiological functions of phosphatidylglycerol in cyanobacteria and higher plants.

Keywords

Andrew Benson Chilling sensitivity Membrane lipid Phosphatidylglycerol Photosystem II Thylakoid membrane 

Abbreviations

ACP

Acyl-carrier protein

CDP-DG

CDP-diacylglycerol

Cyt

Cytochrome

DGDG

Digalactosyldiacylglycerol

ER

Endoplasmic reticulum

G3P

Glycerol 3-phosphate

LHC

Light-harvesting complex

LPA

Lysophosphatidic acid

MGDG

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol

PA

Phosphatidic acid

PC

Phosphatidylcholine

PE

Phosphatidylethanolamine

PG

Phosphatidylglycerol

PGP

Phosphatidylglycerophosphate

PQ

Plastoquinone

PSI

Photosystem I

PSII

Photosystem II

SQDG

Sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol

X:Y(Z)

Fatty acid containing X carbon atoms with Y double bonds, in the cis-configuration, at position Z counted from the carboxyl terminus

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (no. 16570029) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and SciencesUniversity of TokyoMeguro-kuJapan
  2. 2.National Institute for Basic BiologyMyodaijiJapan

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