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Precision Agriculture

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 93–107 | Cite as

Spatial distribution of Yellow Sigatoka Leaf Spot correlated with soil fertility and plant nutrition

  • A. S. Freitas
  • E. A. Pozza
  • M. C. AlvesEmail author
  • G. Coelho
  • H. S. Rocha
  • A. A. A. Pozza
Article

Abstract

This study analyzed the spatial distribution of Yellow Sigatoka Leaf Spot relative to soil fertility and plant nutritional status using geostatistics. The experimental area comprised 1.2 ha, where 27 points were georeferenced and spaced on a regular grid 18 × 18 m. The severity of Yellow Sigatoka, soil fertility and plant nutritional status were evaluated at each point. The spherical model was adjusted for all variables using restricted maximum likelihood. Kriging maps showed the highest infection rate of Sigatoka occurred in high areas of the field which had the highest concentration of sand, while the lowest disease was found in lower areas with lower silt, organic matter, total exchangeable bases, effective cation exchange capacity, base saturation, Ca and Mg in soil, and foliar sulfur (S). These results may help farmers manage Yellow Sigatoka disease more effectively, with balanced fertilization and reduced fungicide application. This practice minimizes the environmental impact and cost of production while contributing to production sustainability.

Keywords

Banana Geostatistics Mineral nutrition Mycosphaerella musicola 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development—CNPq provided the Master’s scholarship and the Foundation for Research Support of the State of Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) funded the Project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Freitas
    • 1
  • E. A. Pozza
    • 1
  • M. C. Alves
    • 2
    Email author
  • G. Coelho
    • 2
  • H. S. Rocha
    • 3
  • A. A. A. Pozza
    • 4
  1. 1.Plant Pathology DepartmentFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Engineering DepartmentFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  3. 3.Embrapa Cassava and FruitsCruz das AlmasBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Soil ScienceFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil

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